Phycomycosis

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Phycomycosis

 

an infectious disease of farm animals (mainly the young), as well as mink and fish, caused by pathogenic fungi of the family Mucoraceae. The disease also affects humans. Infection takes place through the respiratory organs, the alimentary canal, injured skin, or mucous membranes, in which nodules of tissue (granulomas) and suppurative ulcers form. The disease affects the viscera, mainly the intestine and lungs, the skin of the extremities and head, and the mucous membranes of the nose and its accessory sinuses. Depending on the site of infection, animals may suffer from diarrhea, exhaustion, swelling of the subcutaneous lymph nodes, ulceration of the skin and nasal septum, and miscarriage.

An effective means of treating phycomycosis has not been developed. Prevention mainly includes the observance of sanitary conditions in housing and feeding animals. Supervising the quality of feed is especially important.

REFERENCES

Spesivtseva, N. A. Mikozy i mikotoksikozy, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1964.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ulceracion granulomatosa con superficie irregular, con salida de exudacion fibrinopurulenta y presencia de 'kunkers', a nivel de barbilla (a, b), extremidad (c) y abdomen (d) en distintos caballos.
Embora a infeccao possa ocorrer em varias especies, em equinos a doenca possui maior ocorrencia, com manifestacoes tipicas, incluindo tecido de granulacao, secrecao sanguinolenta, fistulas, prurido e saida de kunkers, de modo que, a presenca de tais sinais, podem ser considerados em conjunto como o diagnostico clinico, sendo confirmado histopatologicamente com as coloracoes HE e Grocott.