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Kunming (ko͞onˈmĭngˈ), city (1994 est. pop. 1,240,000), capital of Yunnan prov., S China, on the northern shore of Dian Chi Lake. It is a major administrative, commercial, and cultural center of S China and leading transportation hub (air, road, rail), with rail connections to Vietnam. It is China's largest producer of copper. Coal is mined, and the city has an iron and steel complex. Other manufactures include phosphorus, chemicals, machinery, textiles, paper, and cement. Kunming has long been noted for its scenic beauty and equable climate. It consists of an old walled city, a modern commercial suburb, and a residential and university section. Although it was often the seat of kings in ancient times, Kunming's modern prosperity dates only from 1910, when the railroad from Hanoi was built. In World War II, Kunming was important as the Chinese terminus of the Burma Road. The city has an astronomical observatory, and its institutions of higher learning include Yunnan Univ. and a medical college. On the outskirts is a famed bronze temple, dating from the Ming dynasty. Kunming was formerly called Yunnanfu.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in southwestern China and the administrative center of Yünnan Province. Population, 880,000 (1957).

The city is situated on the Yünnan Plateau at an elevation of 1,892 m, on the north shore of Lake Tiench’ih, into which the P’anmungchiang River flows. It is an important transportation junction and the terminus of the Yünnan-Burma Road and of a railroad to Vietnam. Industry is represented by nonferrous metallurgy, machine building, electric power production (heat and electric power plants and hydroelectric stations), textiles, leatherworking, and food processing. The city is known for its traditional crafts—the making of carpets and felt goods. It is the site of the University of Yünnan, a polytechnic institute for ethnic minorities, the southwestern branch of the Academy of Sciences of the Chinese People’s Republic, and a botanical garden. Within the city limits is Lake Ts’uihu (Turquoise Lake), one of K’unming’s major attractions. It is called “the city of eternal spring” because of its mild winters (the temperature averages 9.7°C in January) and warm and sunny summers (the average July temperature is 20.2°C); the annual precipitation totals 1,095 mm. Around the city are sanatoriums and houses of rest for climatotherapy.

The city was founded as Chienling in the first century A.D. Subsequently it was called Yingying, K’unchou, Itan, and Yünnan, acquiring its present name in the 13th century after the Mongol conquest of China. In the mid-17th century it became the administrative center of Yünnan. From 1939 to 1941, during World War II, it served as a transshipment point for cargoes entering China (blockaded by the Japanese) from Europe and the USA through Burma along the Yünnan-Burma Highway. The walls of ancient fortifications and various historical and architectural monuments have been preserved.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


, K'un-ming
a city in SW China, capital of Yunnan province, near Lake Tien: important during World War II as a Chinese military centre, American air base, and transport terminus for the Burma Road; Yunnan University (1934). Pop.: 1 748 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
In recent years, Yunnan Airport Group has fully implemented the requirements of the "Kunming International Aviation Hub Strategic Plan" jointly issued by the Civil Aviation Administration of China and the Yunnan Provincial People's Government, aiming at building an international freight hub for South Asia and Southeast Asia, and comprehensively improving the freight route network.
By setting up 200 stalls, Pakistani businessmen are making headway in highlighting country's trade potential amongst 3,300 corporate entities from 74 countries at the week-long expo, being held in Kunming, the capital of Yunnan province.
Lastly, he added that Investment promotion in Kunming and Digital economy will also be the prime focus for the host country.
Kunming is the capital of Yunnan province in China.
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The winner of the Asian Games-2018 Daria Maslova won bronze at the 2018 SCO Kunming International Marathon, which was held on December 2 in Kunming, China, the SCO website says.
Chinese carrier Uni-top Airlines is planning to operate B747 freighter flight between Kunming in China and Dubai, Yang Fan, vice president of Uni-top Airlines, announced.
This research was approved by the Institutional Ethical Committee of Kunming University of Science and Technology.
According to the statement shared by Oman Air, the flight was diverted to the Kunming Changshui airport in China due to technical reasons.
Budget constraints prevented Philippine officials from attending the 5th China-South Asia Exposition and the 25th China Kunming Import and Export Fair hosted by Yunnan province, the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) said.
Thousands of guests, including Chinese and foreign dignitaries, attended the opening of the 5th China-South Asia Exposition, the 25th China Kunming Import and Export Fair (or Kunming Fair), and the 1st China-South Asia Cooperation Forum held at the Kunming Dianchi International Convention and Exhibition Center.
A city region delegation in China signed a "memorandum of understanding" with Kunming, a city of seven million people in southern China.