Kupffer's Cells

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kupffer’s Cells


cells of the reticuloendothelial system that are distributed on the inner surface of capillary-like vessels (sinusoids) of the liver in amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals, and man.

Kupffer’s cells were studied in detail in 1878 by the German scientist K. Kupffer. Outgrowths of the Kupffer’s cells sometimes intersect the lumen of the sinusoid and open into the perisinusoidal space. Kupffer’s cells are distinguished from undifferentiated endothelial cells by their greater size and by their capacity to capture colloidal and various solid particles. In 1886, the Russian scientist V. K. Vysokovich was the first to describe the phagocytosis of bacteria by the Kupffer’s cells and to note the important protective role of this phenomenon. Kupffer’s cells that fill up with this foreign matter become rounded, lose contact with the vessel wall, are carried away by the blood flow, and die.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
As part of the lobular activity, enlargement and hyperplasia of Kupffer's cells in sinusoids were studied (0--no change, 1--light hyperplasia of Kc, 2--moderate hyperplasia of Kc, and 3--severe hyperplasia of Kc).
An analysis of reactive changes in the liver indicated mainly a slight increase in Kupffer's cells, while a moderate increase was recorded in 26.7% of cases in the experimental group.
rohita, Control, indicating normal hepatocytes histology, brown arrow indicates Kupffer's cells, while yellow arrow indicates the polygonal hepatocytes with centrally placed nucleus.
rohita, Control, indicating normal hepatocytes histology, brown arrow indicates for Kupffer's cells. H and E staining 400X; B, Sections (4 um thick) of liver of the Lead nitrate treated fresh water Cyprinid, L.
Accumulation of Kupffer's cells with active phagocytosis was prominent in the central portions of the hepatic lobules.