Kurdistan Mountains

Kurdistan Mountains

 

mountains at the junction of the Armenian Highland and the Iranian Plateau in Turkey, Iran, and Iraq. They form a complex system of ranges and massifs that attain an altitude of 4,168 m. (Mt. Dzhilo). Ranges more than 3,500 m in altitude have alpine-type crests; at lower altitudes the crests are predominantly flat. There are small glaciers. The slopes are greatly dissected. Rivers, especially the left tributaries of the Tigris, usually flow through narrow gorges.

The Kurdistan Mountains are composed of schists, quartz, marbles, and marls. The climate is subtropical with yearly rainfalls from 1,000 to 3,000 mm. on the southwestern slopes and from 400 to 700 mm. on the northeastern slopes. In the south are Mediterranean-type forests. Maquis underbrush, oak forests, and sparse pistachio and juniper forests succeed each other as the elevation increases. On the northern slopes are hilly steppes and phryganeoid vegetation. The flat crests are covered with alpine meadows. Nomads engage in livestock raising. Along the river valleys are orchards; wheat, corn, and barley are cultivated. The western part of the Kurdistan Mountains is frequently called the Armenian Taurus.

References in periodicals archive ?
Due to their resistance to adverse weather conditions, low power consumption and their minimal impact on the environment, the WAM sensors can be easily mounted in the Kurdistan mountains and will therefore be able to cover the TMA of the airport, which is located in the middle of the valley.
In his special world in which he's distant from the Kurdistan mountains, olive trees and the warmth of Jizere, Agha is obsessed with painting motifs that are Kurdish.
Yashar, or Comrade Khajo, as she was called, was head of a political organization, but managed to flee Turkey to Kurdistan Mountains in Iraq.
19 began a big attack in Iraq's Kurdistan mountains against PKK rebels who had killed 24 soldiers in Turkey's south-eastern Hakkari province hours earlier - the biggest death toll from such an incident for almost 20 years.
Turkish television showed troops slogging through heavy snow in the rugged Kurdistan mountains. Casualty figures from Turkish sources and sources for the Kurdistan Workers' Party, or PKK, have varied widely.
Skewing more toward ethnography than entertainment, "The Legend of Love" is a fascinating, if somewhat stately, glimpse at the rugged beauty of the Kurdistan mountains and the customs and rituals of the people therein.
Kurdistan border areas are under Iranian and Turkish shelling under the pretext of chasing PKK and PJAK forces stationed in Kurdistan mountains, which led to tens of casualties and damages.
In 2000, Marouf lost both legs while trying to remove landmines from Kurdistan mountains. The office to his new job was on the third floor.
Although some section of the Kurds during the Dehak period migrated west, they again returned to their political land in today's Kurdistan Mountains. The nation that ended Dehak's occupation is none other than the ancient Kurdish people." What Bitlisi did was a common practice of nationalists throughout the world to construct, invent, and reconstruct national identities, characteristics, myths, and other features in order to prove the existence of a nation.
"If today they have the guts to denigrate the name of the Peshmerga, will tomorrow they also do this with the names of martyrs."Massoud Barzani was a Peshmerga for many years in the Kurdistan Mountains, where he fought against Saddam Hussein's regime.In a press conference, spokesperson of the Ministry of Peshmerga, Major Gen.
President Jalal Talabani told Reuters he perceived a "new climate" in Turkey toward the rights of its Kurdish people, and that he supports its leaders in their efforts to end the 25-year conflict with the PKK, whose guerrilla fighters have bases in Iraqi Kurdistan mountains.
It was then that he met personalities in the Kurdistan Mountains during the Kurdish struggle, including General Barzani, Dara Tawfiq, Georgis Hassan, Ibrahim Ahmed, Saad Abdullah, Hajar and Sami AbdulRahman.