Chlorophyll a variation in the Kuroshio Extension revealed with a mixed-layer tracking float: implication on the long-term change of Pacific saury (Cololabis saira).
Moreover, 3 major oceanic fronts exist in this region: the Polar Front, Subarctic Front, and Kuroshio Extension Front (Science Council of Japan (1)).
Chen, 2010: Eddy-mean flow interaction in the decadally modulating Kuroshio Extension
Southward spreading of the Fukushima-derived radiocesium across the Kuroshio Extension
in the North Pacific.
[1.] Aoki I, Miyashita K (2000) Dispersal of larvae and juvenile of Japanese anchovy Engraulis japonicus in the Kuroshio Extension
and Kuroshio-Oyashio transition regions, western North Pacific Ocean.
Nonaka et al., "Atmospheric sounding over the winter Kuroshio Extension
: effect of surface stability on atmospheric boundary layer structure," Geophysical Research Letters, vol.
The values in the Kuroshio Extension
region west of 170[degrees]W around 40[degrees]N are also relatively high.
Latif believes that decade-long cycles in the midlatitudes control the position of the Kuroshio Extension
, which is independent of tropical El Ninos.
Van Leeuwen, "Measuring the impact of observations on the predictability of the kuroshio extension
in a shallow-water model," Journal of Physical Oceanography, vol.
This strong, warm, northward-flowing current leaves the Japanese coast to flow eastward into the North Pacific as a free jet--the Kuroshio Extension
. Here, warm Kuroshio waters encounter cold, dry air masses coming from Asia, triggering intense air-sea heat exchanges that affect regional storms and climate and, indirectly, fisheries.
The recent sources of this water can be traced as far as 3 years back in time, mainly to the east of Japan along the Kuroshio Extension
and the North Pacific Current (their Figure (4b)), with a smaller contribution from the western subarctic gyre region.
There are particularly large differences in regions in the North Pacific centered on 10[degrees]N and 40[degrees]N, which are relevant to intensification of the North Equatorial Current and reduction of the Kuroshio extension
, as well as in some local regions around the Drake Passage and in the northern North Atlantic.