Kurt Eisner

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Eisner, Kurt


Born May 14, 1867, in Berlin; died Feb. 21, 1919, in Munich. Figure in the German workers’ movement; journalist.

Eisner joined the Social Democratic Party of Germany in 1898. From 1898 to 1905 he was editor in chief of the newspaper Vorwärts, a party organ, and was closely associated with revisionists. During World War I he assumed an anti-imperialist stance. Eisner became a member of the Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany in 1917. After leading a strike at military plants in Munich in January 1918, he was imprisoned. During the November Revolution of 1918, Eisner was the chairman of the Munich council of workers, soldiers, and peasants; he subsequently became prime minister of the republican government of Bavaria.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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As late as 1919 she gloated over the shooting of Munich's socialist boss Kurt Eisner, whom she called "the Galician Semite.
He went on to argue some of the most important and well-publicized trials of the Weimar years, among them the treason and libel prosecutions of Felix Fechenbach, secretary to the Bavarian Independent Socialist leader Kurt Eisner, and the 1924 "stab in the back" trial, a libel prosecution of a social democratic newspaper editor that turned on the radical right's historical fantasies concerning the end of the First World War.
Thimme also played a significant if unwitting role in the conviction of Felix Fechenbach, the former private secretary of Bavarian socialist premier Kurt Eisner (who was assassinated in 1919 by a right-wing fanatic), on the unsubstantiated charge that both had hurt German national interests by publishing compromising wartime documentation.