Kurukh


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kurukh

 

(or Oraon), a people living on the Chota Nagpur Plateau in India, among the Munda peoples, to whom they are close in their cultural features. Small groups of Kurukh also live in Orissa, West Bengal, and Assam states. Population, 1.24 million (1971 census). The Kurukh language is a Dravidian language. In the Kurukh religion, Hinduism is intertwined with ancient tribal cults. The main occupation of the Kurukh is farming.

The Kurukh retain certain vestiges of tribal organization, such as clan division and separate houses for young or unmarried men and women, in which life is strictly regulated. The rural neighbors’ communes of the Kurukh are supervised by elective councils, or panchayats.

REFERENCES

Narody Iuzhnoi Azii. Moscow, 1963. (References.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Intermediary Zone 2-3: Assamese; Oraon (Kurukh); Arab literary tradition; Soqotri; Western Sahara & Mauritania; Mon; Avesta; Pekhlevi texts; Scandinavians, early written sources; Telugu; Lao; Central Philippines; Southern Luzon; Sangir Islands; Minahasa; Halmahera; Tibetans: Kham; Wales; Olcha; Okinawa, Miyako, Yaeyama; Northern Ryukyu; Awami Islands;
Oraons speak Kurukh language related to Dravidian family.
Linguistically the Oraons belong to the Kurukh or Dravidian speaking group [20].
Due to a shortage of trained journalists in rural areas, there are no established news sources in the local tribal languages, such as Kurukh or Gondi, each of which has more than 2 million speakers.
Bengali -- Kannada -- Telugu Hindi Gujarati Hindi Hindi Gujarati, Kurukh, Sadri, French, Kannada, Bengali, Spanish Bahasa Indonesia Chinese Arabic French Miscellaneous languages Thai Japanese Spanish Kazakh Russian, Turkish Russian Kazakh, Turkish Farsi French Croatian Table 3.
4.2 Kurux (also Kurux, Kurukh, and Oraon) is a major language with over two million speakers spread over three nations and five states of India.