Cybele

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Cybele

(sĭb`əlē), in ancient Asian religion, the Great Mother GoddessGreat Mother Goddess,
in ancient Middle Eastern religions, mother goddess, the great symbol of the earth's fertility. She was worshiped under many names and attributes. Similar figures have been known in every part of the world.
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. The chief centers of her early worship were Phrygia and Lydia. In the 5th cent. B.C. her cult was introduced into Greece, where she was associated with Demeter and Rhea. The spread of her cult to Rome late in the 3d cent. B.C. was marked chiefly by her Palatine temple. Cybele was primarily a nature goddess, responsible for maintaining and reproducing the wild things of the earth. As guardian of cities and nations, however, she was also entrusted with the general welfare of the people. She was attended by the Corybantes and Dactyls, who honored her with wild music and dancing. At her annual spring festival, the death and resurrection of her beloved AttisAttis
or Atys
, in Phrygian religion, vegetation god. When Nana ate the fruit of the almond tree, which had been generated by the blood of either Agdistis or of Cybele, she conceived Attis.
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 were celebrated. She frequented mountains and woodland areas and was usually represented either riding a chariot drawn by lions or seated on a throne flanked by two lions. Cybele is frequently identified with various other mother goddesses, notably Agdistis.

Cybele

 

a Phrygian goddess, the embodiment of the productive forces of nature; also known as the Great Mother or Mother of the Gods. The cult of Cybele, along with the cults of Mithra and Isis, was widespread in Asia Minor, Greece, and Italy, and, later, throughout the Roman Empire. In 204 B.C. the cult was officially recognized in Rome. To honor Cybele, the priests of the cult conducted ritualistic mysteries, in which self-inflicted tortures, ablution in sacrificial blood, and self-castration played an important role. The orgiastic character of this Asia Minor cult was toned down considerably in the Roman Republic.

Cybele

[′sib·ə·lē]
(astronomy)
An asteroid with a diameter of about 167 miles (269 kilometers), mean distance from the sun of 3.423 astronomical units, and C-type surface composition.

Cybele

hermaphroditic goddess honored orgiastically, usually by emasculation. [Phrygian Myth.: Parrinder, 68]

Cybele

nature’s fruitfulness assured by orgiastic rites honoring her. [Phrygian Myth.: Parrinder, 68; Jobes, 400]

Cybele

protector of cities and mother-goddess. [Phrygian Myth.: Avery, 345]

Cybele

Great Mother; goddess of nature and reproduction. [Phrygian Myth.: Parrinder, 68; Jobes, 400]
References in periodicals archive ?
"Write this, write this." A command from Kybele is not to be
of me a power to match her own"--like Elif, like Kybele. In this
With the collusion of Arsake, Kybele attempts to poison Charikleia with 'a witch's potion', (28) hoping to acquire the love of Theagenes for her mistress by eliminating the competition.
This is underlined by the intertextuality with Euripides' Hippolytos: Phaedra, Nurse, Theseus and Hippolytos are all in this cast (Arsake, Kybele, Oroondates, Theagenes respectively), but Phaedra's moral scruples, which so dignify Euripides' Hippolytos Stephanephoros (in contrast to his earlier Hippolytus) and make her such a noble and interesting character, are here completely and conspicuously lacking.
The 360 Degree Historical Researches Association of Turkey re-built the "Kybele" ship, according to the archeological data, and the ship set her sails from the shores of the Aegean holiday resort of Foca and headed for Italy and Marseille, France to once again make this historical journey in June 2009.
One of the most revolutionary theories presented here posits the existence of a "Superior Male god," one that had roots in the Hittite weather god and eventually became assimilated to Zeus, whose cults are even more well attested than those of Kybele in later epigraphical sources from Phrygia.
Similarly, Arsake in Heliodorus addresses Kybele as her 'dearest' (heliod.
292) travel in the Sun s quadriga; (iii) the naming of Arsake's servant as Kybele (cf p.
The "Kybele" ship is expected to return to Istanbul after the "Year of Turkey" activities in France by sailing on the River Danube, and to participate in the "2010 Istanbul the Cultural Capital" activities.
Judging from the scanty inscriptional evidence as well as from the numerous divine symbols carved on the living rock throughout the 22-hectare precinct, the settlement, whose ancient name remains uncertain, was dedicated to the Phrygian Mother Goddess, or Kybele.
The ancient family tomb carved in to the rocks, Seytan Hamami (Satan's Bath), the mausoleum, the Kybele Temple and Ionians' oldest temple Athena and many artifacts from the Ottoman Empire can be seen in Foca.
Western and eastern Phrygians differed in some points but "shared alphabetic writing, the cult of Kybele, fortified cities, bronze fibulae and belts and pottery." Phrygian bronzework is distinguished by its precision of execution and its technological sophistication.