The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in South Korea, located in the province of Kyongsang-pukto (North Kyongsang). From the seventh through the tenth centuries it was the capital of the state of Silla.

Kyongju had a regular layout and was divided into 1,360 blocks. During the seventh century it was enclosed by a fortified wall. Remnants of the wooden walls have been preserved along with foundations of the palace, which was erected in the seventh century and was destroyed during the 16th century.

Situated in the environs of Kyongju are the temple ensembles of Pulguksa (eighth century, rebuilt in the 14th century) and Bondoksa (eighth century), Punhwangsatap pagoda (634), the Chomsongde astronomical observatory (seventh century), and the Sokkuram cave temple (742–64).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The North Koreans showed respect for South Korean antiquities and historical places such as Kyongju. The visitors knew more about South Korean products and food than was expected.
This study examines five major issues regarding Tonghak: the doctrinal writings of Ch'oe Cheu that feature eclecticism in terms of faith and ritual practice; Ch'oe's home of Kyongju that nurtured his ideas and religious experiences; the second Tonghak leader, Ch'oe Sihyong, who compiled the Eastern Scripture and Songs of Yongdam; the events of 1894, known as the Tonghak Rebellion, which involved attacks on the government, the ruling class, and foreign intervention; and the activities of Son Pyonghu, who reconceived the Tonghak church and ushered in a religious national movement in the colonial years.
These include a version of the Qianziwen with han'gul glosses probably printed in 1696, and three copies of the Kyongju edition (1681?) of a Korean military handbook Pyonghak chinam.
With regard to legacy issues, progress on IMF reform was certainly evident in the Seoul Summit Document that reiterated agreements reached at the G-20 finance ministers' meeting held on 23 October 2010 in Kyongju to increase the representation of developing countries and thereby strengthen the institution itself.
(4) Even today, Pulguksa [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] temple in the former capital of Kyongju, Korea stands as a testament to the national Buddhist temple network unifying the ancient Silla kingdom.
Elsewhere, the slab-built sculptures of Yoon Kwang Cho are built in his studio tucked away at the base of the mountains near Kyongju, South Korea, and incorporate some decorative elements.
of the International Conference on Parallel and Distributed Systems 2001 (ICPADS01), Kyongju City, Korea, 2001.
Investigators at Dongguk University in Kyongju, Korea, recently identified a new major player in the development of AKs and squamous cell carcinoma: the Forkhead box p3 (Foxp3)-positive cell.
More photos of islands and a few from the three villages--Hahoe village outside Andong, Yangdong village outside Kyongju and Songup village on Cheju Island-where traditional life is maintained with government support would have enhanced understanding of what the country has to offer for visitors.
He explains how Koreans are proud of historical sites such as Kyongju and cultural inventions such as Hangul, why they worship historical figures such as King Sejong and Admiral Yi Sunsin, how the Samsung Corporation tries to make a connection with Chang Pogo, a ninth century Korean merchant.