Kyosai(Kawanabe Kyosai), 1831–89, Japanese painter and caricaturist. He studied with Kano Tohaku and was influenced by HokusaiHokusai
(Katsushika Hokusai) , 1760–1849, Japanese painter, draftsman, and wood engraver, one of the foremost ukiyo-e print designers. After producing wood engravings for several years, he became a pupil of the celebrated artisan Shunsho, adopting the name Shunro.
..... Click the link for more information. . He is considered Japan's first political caricaturist, and the political commentary of his caricatures during the Meiji RestorationMeiji restoration,
The term refers to both the events of 1868 that led to the "restoration" of power to the emperor and the entire period of revolutionary changes that coincided with the Meiji emperor's reign (1868–1912).
..... Click the link for more information. , including his portrayal of Western influence and those in high places, sometimes led to his arrest and imprisonment. His paintings often crowded people, demons, and animals into colorful scenes of frenzied movement, and he was fond of scatological humor. Some of his most famous works include the huge scroll He-gassen, or The Battle of the Farts (1868); the woodblock print School for Spooks (1872), from the Drawings for Pleasure series; and One Hundred Demons (1890). In 1874 he cofounded what is considered to be the first manga magazine. The Kawanabe Kyosai Memorial Museum, Warabi, Saitama prefecture, Japan, is devoted to his and his daughter's work.
See studies by E. Guimet (1876), J. Condor (1911), I. Kyoshin (1984), and T. Clark (1993).