would essentially kill off the Kyoto Protocol
by not making additional reduction commitments.
Maritime emissions were omitted from national commitments under the UNFCCC'S (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change) 1997 Kyoto Protocol
, which ceded control to the UN body responsible for the sector, the International Maritime Organisation (IMO).
Some countries are prepared to commit to a second term of the Kyoto Protocol
But it remains unclear whether the nearly 200 parties can strike a deal, with countries still divided over the issues, including the future of the Kyoto Protocol
, which has pitted Japan against developing countries.
With the first phase of the Kyoto Protocol
set to expire in 2012, leaders will gather in the Danish capital of Copenhagen next month to thrash out the details of a new deal, but few expect anything binding to emerge.
The UAE ratified the Kyoto Protocol
in January 2005.
Ratification of the Kyoto Protocol
was considered and approved by the first Executive Council meeting of the Government, and the Governor-General granted approval for Australia to ratify the Kyoto Protocol
at the PM's request.
Rudd said he had signed the "instrument of ratification" of the Kyoto Protocol
, and that it would come into force 90 days after the paperwork was received by the United Nations.
Australia is not a signatory to the Kyoto Protocol
, but the government uses protocol target figures to show progress in emissions reductions.
A few years later, countries agreed that a treaty with binding restrictions was needed and so, in tumultuous talks in Kyoto, Japan, in 1997, they drafted an addendum to the original treaty called the Kyoto Protocol
, which requires cuts in emissions between 2008 and 2012 by about three dozen industrial powers.
Japan, steeped in a tradition of honor and commitment, must face an embarrassing truth: it has not made a dent in its Kyoto Protocol
target emissions, its 6% target reduction soaring to an 8.
Strive to meet or beat the Kyoto Protocol
targets in their own communities, through actions ranging from anti-sprawl land-use policies to urban forest restoration projects to public information campaigns;