Kyoto University


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Kyoto University,

at Kyoto, Japan; founded 1897 as Kyoto Imperial Univ., renamed 1947. With 10 faculties, 17 graduate schools, and 13 research institutes, it is one of Japan's leading research-oriented institutions. The second university to be established in Japan, it began with colleges of law, medicine, letters, and science and engineering. Faculties of economics and agriculture were added by the 1920s, and the faculty of education in 1948. A college of liberal arts was established in 1949 and the graduate school in 1953.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kyoto University

 

one of the leading and oldest national universities of Japan. It was founded in 1897 by imperial decree as a college for physics and mathematics and engineering. In the 1920’s the following colleges were incorporated in Kyoto University: law (founded in 1889), medicine (1899), philology (1906), economics (1919), and agriculture (1923). These colleges were turned into faculties. In 1915 the physics and mathematics and engineering faculty was divided into two faculties: natural sciences and engineering. In addition, education and pharmacy faculties were founded.

In the 1971 academic year Kyoto University had the following faculties: philology, education, law, economics, natural sciences, medicine, pharmacy, agriculture, and engineering. There were also 15 research institutions, including institutes for chemical research, fundamental physics, mathematical sciences, economic research, humanistic studies, disaster prevention, virus research, and nutrition studies. Within the faculties there were also scientific institutions—for example, under the faculty of natural sciences there were 15, including institutions for geophysics, volcanology, and seismology, an astronomical observatory, and a meteorological institute. The university also has a library (founded in 1899), botanical gardens, and historical and archaeological museums. The university has a student body of more than 14,000 and a faculty of 558 professors, including Hideki Yukawa, the prominent physicist and Nobel Prize winner.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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