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(both: kĭzĭl`), city (1989 pop. 85,000), capital of Tuva RepublicTuva Republic
or Tyva Republic
, constituent republic (1990 est. pop. 366,000), 65,830 sq mi (170,500 sq km), extreme S Siberian Russia, on the Mongolian border. Kyzyl is the capital. The area is a mountain basin, c.
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, S Siberian Russia, on the Yenisei River. It services motor transport and has brickyards, sawmills, furniture factories, and food-processing plants. Founded in 1914, the city was called Belotsarsk until 1917 and Khem-Beldyr until 1926. It has a Tuvan language, history, and literature research institute (founded in 1953) and a Buddhist temple complex.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(before 1918, Belotsarsk; until 1926, Khem-Beldyr), a city and the capital of the Tuva ASSR; situated in the eastern part of the Tuva Hollow at the confluence of the Bolshoi and Malyi Enisei rivers, which form the Verkhnii Enisei. It is the terminus of the Us route, 436 km southeast of the Abakan railroad station. Population, 57,000 (1972; in 1939, 10,000, and in 1959, 34,000).

Kyzyl was founded in 1914. It was incorporated into the USSR in 1944 as part of the Tuva People’s Republic. There were only minor industrial enterprises in the city before 1944; in that year industry began to expand significantly. Now Kyzyl has a building-components combine, an automobile equipment plant, a leather factory, a brickyard, a sawmill, a brewery, a dairy, a furniture factory, and a garment combine.

Kyzyl is the cultural and scientific center of the republic. The Tuva Scientific Research Institute of Language, Literature, and History is in the city. It also has a pedagogic institute, a polytechnicum, an agricultural technicum, and schools of pedagogy, medicine, and the arts. There is a music and drama theater and a museum of local lore. The geographical center of Asia, marked by an obelisk, is in Kyzyl.


Kyzyl—stolitsa Sovetskoi Tuvy (1914–1964). Kyzyl, 1964.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Kyzyl continued to demonstrate an excellent operating performance in Q1 with flotation recoveries climbing up to 89% in March, while gold production was 78 Koz with 92 Koz produced in concentrate.
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Then, the guests got acquainted with the educational base of the Kyzyl presidential cadet school, planted trees and visited the ethno-cultural complex Aldyn-Bulak.
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The first blasting operations were carried out at the 570th horizon of the large gold deposit, Muruntau, located in the Kyzyl Kum and developed by the Navoi Mining and Metallurgical Combine, UzA reported.