Action Française

(redirected from L'Action Francaise)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Action Française

 

the reactionary monarchist political organization which arose in France in 1899 under the leadership of C. Maurras. It took shape organizationally in 1905 and existed under this name until 1944, basing itself on reactionary nationalist circles of the militarist clique and aristocracy.

In the 1930’s, Action Française assumed a clearly fascist character. Under its leadership, armed detachments—Les Camelots du Roi (The King’s Hawkers)—were created; they participated in the fascist putsch of Feb. 6, 1934. During the German fascist occupation of France (1940–44), the organization existed legally and gave active support to the Pétain government’s policy of collaboration with the occupiers. After the liberation of France in 1944, Action Française was liquidated. However, by 1947 it was in effect reestablished. Monarchist elements are grouped around its newspaper Aspects de la France.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Aux pages 122 et 123, l'auteur soutient que l'Action francaise de Montreal defend une position analogue a celle de son homonyme europeen.
Le geste humanitaire de la Roumanie a ete apprecie meme par le directeur du journal << l'Action francaise >>, l'academicien Charles Maurras qui a caracterise cet episode avec les mots suivants : <<Majestueux presents de la Roumanie pour la France, des cadeaux si precieux pour notre tristesse [...] ils sont le temoignage d'une amitie que, decidement, rien ne peut ebranler, ni la guerre ou la revolution, ni meme les moments de joies ou de malheurs, lesquels, ensemble, touchent, desesperent ou consolent (35) >>.
"Risque d'enlisement" L'action francaise a fait l'objet de concertations, notamment avec l'Algerie reticente a voir Paris intervenir militairement dans son arriere-cour.
Prevotat sur l'Action francaise), en passant par les editions de sources atypiques, comme l'enquete de la Propaganda Fide sur les ecoles catholiques (C.
Groulx prend, en 1920, la direction de sa revue, L'Action francaise, qui en etait a sa troisieme annee de parution.
I am wary of a conservatism and a traditionalism which tend to become self-sufficient and independent of the Church, even while they promote Christian values and traditions as did l'Action francaise in France--a movement which had the adherence of many clergy and Catholic youth in that country, but which, in the end, had to be condemned by Pius XI.
He played a major role in French Catholic political discussions as a supporter of L'Action Francaise, Franco's nationalist movement in Spain, and the Vichy government in France, although he rarely wrote about such matters.
Charles Maurras' longstanding neo-monarchist daily L'Action francaise, for example, harshly condemned Vichy for even its very limited observances of the day (L'Action francaise, 1941).