López, Carlos Antonio

López, Carlos Antonio

(kär`lōs äntô`nyō lō`pās), 1790?–1862, president of Paraguay (1844–62). He rose to power shortly after the death of J. G. Rodríguez FranciaFrancia, José Gaspar Rodríguez
, 1766–1840, dictator of Paraguay and creator of its national independence, known as El Supremo. Incorruptible and of superior cultural attainments for his epoch, he took part in the bloodless revolution against Spain (1811),
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 and soon became president. An arbitrary but enlightened ruler, he improved the armed forces, encouraged education, and attempted to strengthen the economy by creating government monopolies. He made vigorous attempts to end the isolationism that Francia had imposed on Paraguay, but his foreign policy caused friction with neighboring nations. Many of his reforms came to a halt during the regime of his successor, Francisco Solano LópezLópez, Francisco Solano
, 1826?–1870, president of Paraguay (1862–70). He was the son of Carlos Antonio López, who made him a brigadier general at 18.
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