lavender(redirected from L Officinalis)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.
Related to L Officinalis: Lavandula vera
lavender, common name for any plant of the genus Lavandula, herbs or shrubby plants of the family Labiatae (mint family), most of which are native to the Mediterranean region but naturalized elsewhere. The true lavender (L. officinalis) has grayish foliage and small blue or pale purplish flowers (white in one variety). It is popular for herb gardens and is cultivated commercially (chiefly in France and England) or, more commonly, gathered wild (in S Europe) for the fragrant flowers, valued for scenting linens and clothes and as the source of oil of lavender. The oil is distilled for use in perfumery, in toilet preparations (e.g., lavender water). Lavender is sometimes used as a flavoring. Spike lavender (L. latifolia), a broader-leaved, less fragrant species, yields spike-lavender oil, which is also used in perfumery and in varnishes and porcelain painting. Lavender is classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Magnoliopsida, order Lamiales, family Labiatae.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
39 Species with varying leaf shapes, in the mint family, so all are edible. The pretty sweet, spicy, perfumed flowers are edible. Great in sweet and savory dishes, custards, etc. For stress, headache, intestinal gas, rheumatism psoriasis. Protects fabrics and clothes from moths.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz
1. any of various perennial shrubs or herbaceous plants of the genus Lavandula, esp L. vera, cultivated for its mauve or blue flowers and as the source of a fragrant oil (oil of lavender): family Lamiaceae (labiates)
2. the dried parts of L. vera, used to perfume clothes
3. a pale or light bluish-purple to a very pale violet colour
4. perfume scented with lavender
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005