Lao


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Lao

 

(Laotians), a people constituting the basic population of Laos; the Lao pong khao group numbered about 1.9 million persons (1970, estimate). Approximately another 8 million Lao, belonging to the Lao pong dam and Lao klang groups, live in Thailand. There are also Lao ethnic groups in China, the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, Cambodia, and Burma. They speak Lao and profess the southern branch of Buddhism with strong vestiges of ancient tribal beliefs. The ancestors of the Lao migrated into Indochina from the southern regions of eastern Asia at the beginning of the Common Era, reaching their present homeland in the first centuries A.D. A Laotian feudal state, Lan Xang, arose in the 14th century. The chief occupations of the Lao are rice growing, livestock raising (among the Lao klang), and fruit growing; spinning and silkweaving are also well developed.

REFERENCES

Narody Iugo-Vostochnoi Azii. Moscow, 1966.

Lao

 

(Laotian), the language of the Lao and the official language of Laos. It is spoken in Laos, northeastern Thailand, southeastern China, Cambodia, the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, and Burma, by approximately 10 million people (1970, estimate). Lao is related to the Tai group of the Sino-Tibetan language family. Lao is an isolating language: relations between words are expressed analytically and word order is strict. Dialects and subdialects are classified into the northern, central, and southern groups. The Vientiane dialect serves as the norm for the Lao literary language. The basic vocabulary is composed of words common to the languages of the Tai group: it has many borrowings from Pali and Sanskrit. The earliest written records found in Laos date from the 13th century.

REFERENCES

Morev, L. N., A. A. Moskalev, and Iu. Ia. Plam. Laosskii iazyk. Moscow, 1972.
Hospitalier, J. J. Grammaire laotienne. Paris, 1937.
Sasorith, K. D. Alphabet et écriture lao. Vientiane, 1943.
Finot, L. “Les Ecritures lao.” France-Asie, 1956, vol. 10, nos. 118–20.
References in periodicals archive ?
Adopting an American perspective, Timothy Castle heavily emphasizes the importance of the POW/MIA issue itself rather than discussing the subject of Lao sovereignty.
We thank the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry and the Ministry of Health of the Government of Laos for their collaboration and assistance during this investigation; Jeff Butler, Ivano Broz, Sarah Eastwood, Ry Evans, Kerryn Graham, Gemma Harvey, Dayna Johnson, Tyrone McDonald, and Som Walker for providing technical and analytical assistance; and the World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Influenza at St.
Ma and Son was written while Lao She worked as a lecturer of Chinese language at the School of Oriental Studies (later to become the School of Oriental and African Studies) at the University of London.
It is difficult now to conceive of how significant Laos once was in American Cold War strategic thinking.
For years, Laos, a landlocked country with a population of 7 million, lagged behind in economic development as its export-driven neighbors benefited from coastlines and their harbors flourished.
Lao authorities moved decisively in the fall of 2012 to close down drug-selling establishments in Vang Vieng (nearly 100 miles north of Vientiane), which had been a haven for young foreign travelers seeking cheap drugs.
The Lao Conference of Churches (LCC) in the United States awards the degrees.
S Suresh emphasized that considering the 25 year-long India-ASEAN relationship, the signing of this agreement will usher in new era of friendship and co-operation between India and Laos.
Lao PDR may not have ample resources, but it does have abundant water resources.
Saule also met with Dr Bounkong Sihavong, Lao Minister of Health and head of the Lao side to the Laos-Mongolia Intergovernmental Commission and other officials to exchange views on bilateral trade and economic cooperation.
Yue Lao is said to keep a massive ledger that includes everyone's name, and his job consists of pairing up suitable candidates and helping them find each other.