Linear Pottery Culture

(redirected from LBK culture)

Linear Pottery Culture

 

(Bandkeramik culture), an early Neolithic archaeological culture (end of the fifth millennium and beginning of the fourth millennium B.C.) that was widespread in Central Europe. Considered part of the Danubian culture, the Linear Pottery culture is characterized by uniform pottery of spherical and hemispherical shape, decorated with a design of bands consisting of two or three incised parallel lines (S-shaped spirals, meanders). The lines are sometimes interrupted by dots and stabs (“music note,” or “notenkopf,” pottery). Last-shaped axes are the typical tools. Large settlements, consisting of large post houses and pit houses, have been found, among them Köln-Lindenthal in the Federal Republic of Germany, Bylany in Bohemia, and Floreşti in the Moldavian SSR. The population engaged in farming (wheat and barley) and stock raising (cattle, sheep, goats, pigs).

REFERENCES

Passek, T. S., and E. K. Chernysh. Pamiatniki kul’tury lineino-lentochnoi keramiki na territorii SSSR. Moscow, 1963.
Hoffman, E. Die Kultur der Bandkeramik in Sachsen, part 1 : Die Keramik. Berlin, 1963.

V. S. TITOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Archaeologist Rick Schulting of the University of Oxford predicts the new report will fuel debate over whether LBK culture rapidly collapsed due to social and political conflicts, droughts or both.
There was at least some village specialization in either flint or ceramic manufacture in the LBK culture, the researchers conclude.
Essay topics include household dynamics and variability in the Grecian Neolithic, a pattern of landscape occupation in the Lower Danube with tell settlements, the context of tell mapping and habitual visibility, crop husbandry and its social significance in the Koros and LBK cultures, and perspectives on the beginnings of the earliest LBK in east-central Europe.