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The former name of MCI. Based in Jackson, MS, WorldCom, Inc. was a major, international telecommunications carrier. It was founded in 1983 by Bernard E--ers as Long Distance Discount Service (LDDS), a reseller of AT&T WATS lines to small businesses. LDDS grew by acquiring more than 70 companies, including IDB WorldCom, a leading international carrier whose name it adopted; WilTel, a major telecom carrier; and MFS Communications, an international phone company and parent of UUNET, a prominent Internet provider.

In 1997, the network operations of America Online and CompuServe became part of WorldCom. It also merged with Brooks Fiber and then acquired MCI, making it the second largest long distance carrier in the U.S. In 2002, WorldCom filed for bankruptcy after disclosing it had inflated profits for the prior two years by USD $3.8 billion. The amount was later found to be more than $10 billion, making it the largest accounting fraud in U.S. corporate history.

In April 2004, WorldCom emerged from bankruptcy and changed its name to MCI, which it acquired in 1998. MCI was founded in 1968 by William McGowan as Microwave Communications of America. Throughout the 1970s, McGowan led the battle to offer competitive long distance services in the U.S., cracking the monopoly of AT&T.

Ironically, having shed $36 billion in debt, WorldCom emerged from bankruptcy with a better balance sheet than most of its competitors. It also wound up with a corporate name respected for its pioneering efforts in telecom. One year later, MCI was acquired by Verizon. See MCI.
References in periodicals archive ?
Driven by the California HD low-NOx regulations and the EU LDD NOx RDE requirements, lean NOx control is entering another era of new architectures and better control.
"As the world's leading supplier of LDDs for CD and DVD recordable drives, Intersil continues to expand its portfolio with products that enable our customers to develop complete drive solutions," said Zhong Li, director of marketing for Intersil's Elantec optical storage products.
1989: LDDS goes public through the acquisition of Advantage Companies.
Williams' parent company, an energy firm, began laying fiber optic cable in its idle petroleum lines in 1985 and sold its first network to LDDS Communications in 1995 before starting a new one two years ago.
firms affected were AT&T, MCI WorldCom Inc, LDDS Communications, IDB Communications Group Inc.
embargo, beginning in 1995 trilateral negotiations among the American and Cuban governments and AT&T resulted in the reactivation of the undersea cable to Cuba and expansion of long-distance service, MCI was licensed to provide direct-dial service via satellite, and other services and companies moved to provide service, among them IDB WorldCom (for telex and telegraph), LDDS Communications (long distance service), WilTel International (construction of fiber-optic lines from Florida), and ItalCable, for a satellite earth station linking Cuban resorts with Rome (Nichols and Torres, 1998).
The five--AT&T, MCI, LDDS Communications, IDB Communications Group and WilTel--voluntarily withheld $19 million pending a decision in a U.S.
AT&T, MCI, LDDS Communications, IDB Communications Group, and WilTel are awaiting a decision by Miami Judge James Lawrence King on whether the money may be garnisheed in partial payment for a US$187 million judgment against Cuba for the 1996 downing of Hermanos al Rescate airplanes (see NotiSur, 1996-03-15, EcoCentral, 1998-11-05).
More specifically, the Journal noted that Lott had "shepherded an amendment giving LDDS WorldCom, a long-distance service based in Jackson, Mississippi, a competitive edge over major carriers." Not surprisingly, according to the National Journal, Lott's PAC benefited from a $100,000 fundraiser held at the New York home of billionaire John Kluge, then-chairman of WorldCom, whose PAC gave Lott $6,000 (along with another $5,000 from Kluge himself).
LDDS Worldcom also offers companies travel cards at a flat rate of 25 cents a minute with no surcharge.