Nicolas Louis de Lacaille

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Lacaille, Nicolas Louis de

 

Born May 15, 1713, in Rumigny, Ardennes Department; died Mar. 21, 1762, in Paris. French astronomer. Member of the Paris Academy of Sciences (1741).

In 1739–40, Lacaille verified the measurement of the extensive French arc from Dunkirk to Perpignan. From 1750 to 1754 he directed the astronomical expedition of the Paris Academy of Sciences to the Cape of Good Hope. He determined the position of 10,035 stars of the southern sky and measured arcs of the meridian greater than 1° and the acceleration of gravity. In 1758 he published solar tables that for the first time contained corrections for perturbations caused by the planets. Lacaille provided a method for determining cometary orbits and calculated the orbits of many comets. An exact value for the lunar parallax was obtained by comparing his observations of the moon in the southern hemisphere with similar observations made in Europe by J. Lalande.

WORKS

Astronomiae fundamenta novissimis solis et stellarum observationibus stabilita. Paris, 1757.
Coecum australe stalliferum. Paris, 1763.

REFERENCE

Berry, A. Kratkaia istoriia astronomii, 2nd ed. Moscow-Leningrad, 1946. (Translated from English.)
References in periodicals archive ?
En effet, selon l'avenant portant modification des limites, les services du Haut-Commissariat aux Eaux et Forets et a la Lutte Contre la Desertification viennent de proclamer un organisateur de la chasse touristique a la tourterelle et a la caille, fort connu dans ces milieux, amodiataire du droit de chasse du gibier migrateur sur le lot situe dans la province de Taroudant d'une superficie de 15 118 hectares.
Le meme centre cynegetique œuvre egalement au renforcement du gibier naturel par l'introduction d'autres especes, entre autres, le faisan commun d'origine asiatique et la caille japonaise.
Eta Carinae is currently about 5th magnitude, but when observed by La Caille in the 1750s it was shining at 2.
35) This finding, which corroborated that of Nicolas Louis de la Caille who carried out observations at the Cape of Good Hope in 1750-52, invalidated the premise which underlay the French decision to derive the universal measure from an arc of the Meridian of Paris on the assumption that it was exactly the same as every other meridian of the earth.
La Caille ($$$; 801/942-1751), in Sandy, Utah, has a fabulous brunch.
Evans recognized Table Mountain as "the only mountain both on Earth and in the starry heavens" in his article "Nicolas de la Caille and the Southern Sky" (S&T: July 1980, page 4).
Water In A Broken Glass by Odessa Rose La Caille Nous Publishing, 1999, $15.
French astronomer La Caille was the first Western astronomer to record this cluster (in the 1750s), and he likened it to the Pleiades.
Nicolas-Louis de La Caille, the French astronomer who visited the Cape in 1751 to 1753 and made the first telescopic catalogue of the sky, was born just 300 years ago, on 28 December 1713.
D'autre part, le gibier migrateur, notamment la tourterelle et la caille, n'est pas a portee de main des nationaux, a cause du monopole de certaines societes de chasse touristique, en particulier la region de Taroudant et d'Oulad Teima.
Construction of 116 dwellings (13 Psla individual housing, intermediate housing Psla 49, 54 rental housing collective) way Pech - place called La Caille - 31750 Escalquens.