La Chapelle-Aux-Saints

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Chapelle-Aux-Saints, La


a village in southern France, 40 km southeast of the city of Brive (Corrèze Department). In a grotto on a hillside near the village, remains of Paleolithic sites were found in 1908; the sites contained the bones of the woolly rhinoceros, reindeer, and bison, as well as numerous flint side-scrapers and triangular points. Also uncovered was a well-preserved Neanderthal burial of the same epoch: a man lying in the bottom of a small depression, in a sleeping position with his legs drawn up. The man belonged to the group of western European, or classic, Neanderthals (called the Chapellites).


Zamiatnin, S. N. Ocherki po paleolitu. Moscow-Leningrad, 1961.
Roginskii, la. Ia., and M. G. Levin. Antropologiia, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1963.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in classic literature ?
There was one among the lot, evidently the leader of them, who bore a close resemblance to the so-called Neanderthal man of La Chapelle-aux-Saints. There was the same short, stocky trunk upon which rested an enormous head habitually bent forward into the same curvature as the back, the arms shorter than the legs, and the lower leg considerably shorter than that of modern man, the knees bent forward and never straightened.
Researchers from University of Zurich have shown that Neanderthals walked upright just like modern humans, thanks to a virtual reconstruction of the pelvis and spine of a very well-preserved skeleton of an elderly male Neanderthal unearthed in La Chapelle-aux-Saints, France.
Wear marks in the hip joint of the La Chapelle-aux-Saints skeleton also pointed to the Neanderthals having an upright posture similar to that of modern humans.
Then, a half-century later, came the sensational French discovery of the "Old Man" of La Chapelle-aux-Saints, prompting scientists to draw the now-familiar portrait of Neandertals as primitive protohumans.
The findings center on Neanderthal remains first discovered in 1908 at La Chapelle-aux-Saints in southwestern France.