Uspallata Pass

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Uspallata Pass

(o͞ospäyä`tä), c.12,500 ft (3,810 m) high, over the Andes between Mendoza, Argentina, and Santiago, Chile. A trail—and later a rough road—for men and pack animals was used before the Transandine RailwayTransandine Railway,
former rail line, 156 mi (251 km) long, between Mendoza, Argentina, and Los Andes, Chile, traversing the Andes at Uspallata Pass. Opened to traffic in 1910, the railway rose to c.10,500 ft (3,200 m) at the long tunnel on the international boundary.
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 (1910–82) was built. The Pan-American HighwayPan-American Highway,
system of roads, c.16,000 mi (25,750 km) long, linking the nations of the Western Hemisphere. It was suggested at the Fifth International Conference of American States (1923) and supported and financed by the United States during the 1940s and 1950s.
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 now runs near the pass, through the Christ the Redeemer Tunnel. In 1817 José de San Martín sent part of his patriot army through the pass to fight the Spanish royalists in Chile. The Christ of the AndesChrist of the Andes,
statue of Jesus commemorating a series of peace and boundary treaties between Argentina and Chile. Dedicated Mar. 13, 1904, it stands in Uspallata Pass, high in the Andes, on the Argentine-Chilean boundary.
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 statue stands in the pass. Mt. AconcaguaAconcagua
, peak, 22,835 ft (6,960 m) high, Mendoza prov., W Argentina, in the Andes, near the Chilean border. It is the highest peak of the Western Hemisphere. The snowcapped Aconcagua was first scaled in 1897. Uspallata Pass is nearby. See also Ojos del Salado.
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 towers to the north. The pass is also known as Paso de la Cumbre [Summit Pass] and Paso Los Libertadores [Liberators Pass].
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Uspallata Pass

a pass over the Andes in S South America, between Mendoza (Argentina) and Santiago (Chile). Height: 3840 m (12 600 ft.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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