La Ferrassie

La Ferrassie

 

a Paleolithic rock-shelter located 40 km southwest of the city of Montignac, Dordogne Department, France. Excavated between 1902 and 1922, it contained 11 cultural layers. The lower ones belonged to the Mousterian epoch, and the upper to the beginning of the Upper Paleolithic. Six Neanderthal burials—a man, a woman, and four children—were found in the Mousterian layer. A slab of limestone with several hollowed-out depressions was found over the burial of one of the children. It is considered to be one of the first manifestations of the artistic activity just beginning to develop in the Mousterian epoch. The Upper Paleolithic layers yielded bits of limestone engraved with images of a ram, a wild horse, and a predator. Outlines of animals (ram, deer, bison) were made with black pigment on some rocks. La Ferrassie is one of the most ancient monuments of Paleolithic art.

REFERENCES

Efimenko, P. P. Pervobytnoe obshchestvo, 3rd ed. Kiev, 1953.
Zamiatnin, S. N. Ocherki po paleolitu. Moscow-Leningrad, 1961.
Peyrony, D. “La Ferrassie.” Préhistoire, vol. 3. Paris, 1934.

P. I. BORISKOVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
The objective is to study the phytolith, micro-charcoal, starch grain, and mineral composition in well-studied archaeological sites where the late MP and early UP layers are found in stratigraphic succession: La Ferrassie and Les Cotts.
Y desde luego, casos como los de La Ferrassie, con un escenario de varias fosas, pequenos tumulos y cuerpos de adultos y ninos enterrados en distintos puntos, o el de Le Regourdou, con un enterramiento humano y al lado en otro deposito el de un oso cavernario, exigieron alguna forma de intercambio de ideas a traves de lenguaje verbal porque ademas la organizacion de los conjuntos funerarios se hizo en varios momentos e implicaron la transmision de "memoria" sobre las primeras actuaciones.
The fight upper-arm and right upper-leg bones had been mistakenly stored in the museum with a child's skeleton from another French Neandertal site, La Ferrassie, Maureille says.
Esta nueva cultura la dividio en diferentes facies tipologicas (I, II, III, IV, V) en funcion de sus excavaciones en La Ferrassie y Laugerie-Haute.
Hay suficientes referentes a estos tipos de raspadores de Mugarduia sur en tantos sitios dordoneses como La Gravette, abrigos Durand-Ruel y Pataud, La Faurelie y La Ferrassie J, con series que empalman con las del Protomagdaleniense de Laugerie Haute est niv.
Majo and Tillier examined pelvic remains of three Neandertal children from La Ferrassie, a roughly 70,000-year-old French site, and of three H.
Asi, por ejemplo, existen colgantes atlanticos y mediterraneos en los yacimientos de La Dordona francesa (Nucella lapillus en La Ferrassie, Homalopoma sanguineum en Pataud, etc.