La Ferrassie

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

La Ferrassie

 

a Paleolithic rock-shelter located 40 km southwest of the city of Montignac, Dordogne Department, France. Excavated between 1902 and 1922, it contained 11 cultural layers. The lower ones belonged to the Mousterian epoch, and the upper to the beginning of the Upper Paleolithic. Six Neanderthal burials—a man, a woman, and four children—were found in the Mousterian layer. A slab of limestone with several hollowed-out depressions was found over the burial of one of the children. It is considered to be one of the first manifestations of the artistic activity just beginning to develop in the Mousterian epoch. The Upper Paleolithic layers yielded bits of limestone engraved with images of a ram, a wild horse, and a predator. Outlines of animals (ram, deer, bison) were made with black pigment on some rocks. La Ferrassie is one of the most ancient monuments of Paleolithic art.

REFERENCES

Efimenko, P. P. Pervobytnoe obshchestvo, 3rd ed. Kiev, 1953.
Zamiatnin, S. N. Ocherki po paleolitu. Moscow-Leningrad, 1961.
Peyrony, D. “La Ferrassie.” Préhistoire, vol. 3. Paris, 1934.

P. I. BORISKOVSKII

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
La Ferrassie) situaria a los neandertales en un simbolismo trascendente, lo que no concuerda con las caracteristicas conductuales (Musteriense) que en general vemos en sus yacimientos.
The fight upper-arm and right upper-leg bones had been mistakenly stored in the museum with a child's skeleton from another French Neandertal site, La Ferrassie, Maureille says.
Hay suficientes referentes a estos tipos de raspadores de Mugarduia sur en tantos sitios dordoneses como La Gravette, abrigos Durand-Ruel y Pataud, La Faurelie y La Ferrassie J, con series que empalman con las del Protomagdaleniense de Laugerie Haute est niv.
Majo and Tillier examined pelvic remains of three Neandertal children from La Ferrassie, a roughly 70,000-year-old French site, and of three H.
Asi, por ejemplo, existen colgantes atlanticos y mediterraneos en los yacimientos de La Dordona francesa (Nucella lapillus en La Ferrassie, Homalopoma sanguineum en Pataud, etc.) (Taborin, 1993), pero tambien en yacimientos centroeuropeos situados a mas de 700 km de las costas mediterraneas.