La Marseillaise


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Marseillaise, La

 

a French revolutionary song and the French national anthem.

The music and lyrics of the “Marseillaise” were written by C. J. Rouget de Lisle in 1792, in Strasbourg. It was originally called “War Song for the Army of the Rhine.” It spread quickly in the Republican Army and reached Marseille, where it became known as the “March of the Men of Marseille,” or the “Marseillaise,” and was later brought to Paris. Banned during the Restoration and Second Empire, the Third Republic made it the national anthem; its musical text was officially established in 1887.

In Russia during the 1880’s and 1890’s, a revolutionary song based on the melody of the “Marseillaise” and known as the “Workers’ Marseillaise” became popular among workers and the intelligentsia. As a result of some intonational, rhythmical, and structural changes, it became in essence a new song. The text of the “Workers’ Marseillaise,” which is a separate poetic work in its own right, was written by P. L. Lavrov (published 1875 in the newspaper Vpered, no. 12, July 1); it has been performed with some alterations.

REFERENCES

Tiersot, J. Histoire de la “Marseillaise.” Paris, 1915.
Tiersot, J. Pesni i prazdnestva Frantsuzskoi revoliutsii. Moscow, 1933. Pages 81-92. (Translated from French.)
Dymshits, A. L. “O ’rabochikh marserezakh’.” Sovetskii forklor, 1936, nos. 4-5.
Biografii pesen. Moscow, 1965. (Collection of articles.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Philippe Leire, Axalta sales manager for powder coatings in France, said: "The La Marseillaise project is a double success.
Philippe Leire, Axalta sales manager for powder coatings in France, says: 'The La Marseillaise project is a double success.
La Marseillaise has been played and sung in stadia and opera houses around the world as a mark of solidarity with the people of France.
'La Marseillaise' will ring out after the coin toss in tribute to those who lost their lives in the Paris attacks of last Friday.
The sounds of La Marseillaise will sound out around St James' Park prior to kick-off after Premier League chiefs announced that all top tier teams will play the song "as an act of remembrance and solidarity".
It was a well-balanced account, and brought the evening to a riotous conclusion (one almost expected La Marseillaise to blaze out at the end), but despite obvious audience appeal was not the most rewarding item.
MUSEE D'ART CONTEMPORAIN AND OTHER VENUES * May 25-October 20 * Organized by Merry 011at * En route to Paris in 1792, a revolutionary volunteer army from Marseilles marched to the beat of the catchy, bloodthirsty tune "La Marseillaise," which soon became the French national anthem..
Le Francais Justin Jules (La Pomme Marseille) a remporte dimanche le Grand Prix cycliste La Marseillaise, premiere manche de la Coupe de France, qui s'est dispute sur un parcours de 148,1 km trace autour de Marseille.
LATE last Friday night and into the early hours French students next door were celebrating the opening of the Olympic Games and we could hear them sing God Save the Queen in fractured French, followed by the La Marseillaise and other French songs.
I agree that God Save the Queen is inappropriate, and is certainly not as tuneful as La Marseillaise, or the Irish anthem.
The leading anthem was France's La Marseillaise, ahead of Wales's Land of My Fathers, with Advance Australia Fair in third.