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La Paz(lä päs), city (1990 pop. 137,641), capital and largest city of Baja California SurBaja California Sur
, state (1990 pop. 317,764), 27,571 sq mi (71,428 sq km), NW Mexico, on the S Baja California peninsula. La Paz is the capital. Most of the area is lightly populated and has little arable land.
..... Click the link for more information. state, W Mexico. A tourist spot and transportation hub for the southern Baja peninsula, La Paz was first settled in 1811. The city was known for its pearl fishing until the middle of the 20th cent. when the oyster beds were destroyed by disease. It is known for its water sports, as well as being an entry point for the Los CabosLos Cabos,
resort area centered on the towns of Cabo San Lucas and San José del Cabo, Baja California Sur state, Mexico, encompassing much of the S tip of the Baja California peninsula. The communities have developed rapidly since the late 20th cent.
..... Click the link for more information. resort area to the south. La Paz is linked to MazatlánMazatlán
, city (1990 pop. 262,705), Sinaloa state, W Mexico, on the Pacific coast. One of the largest commercial and industrial centers of W Mexico, Mazatlán is one of Mexico's major Pacific seaports.
..... Click the link for more information. and Los MochisLos Mochis
, city (1990 pop. 162,659), Sinaloa state, W Mexico. Los Mochis is connected to Mexico City by highway and to the port of Topolobampo by road and rail. It also has an airport.
..... Click the link for more information. by ferry, and to TijuanaTijuana
, city (1990 pop. 698,752), Baja California state, NW Mexico, just south of the U.S. border. It is a gaudy border resort, noted for its racetracks and bullfights. An irrigated agricultural area surrounds the city.
..... Click the link for more information. and MexicaliMexicali
, city (1990 pop. 438,377), capital of Baja California state, NW Mexico, across the border from Calexico, Calif. Once noted chiefly as the center of a cotton- and cereal-raising area, it also has experienced since the late 20th cent.
..... Click the link for more information. by highway.
La Paz(lä päs), city (1992 pop. 713,378), W Bolivia, administrative capital (since 1898) and largest city of Bolivia. The constitutional capital is SucreSucre,
city (1992 pop. 131,769), S central Bolivia, constitutional capital of Bolivia and capital of Chuquisaca dept. Since 1898, La Paz has been the administrative capital of Bolivia and the seat of the legislative and executive branches of government; Sucre is the seat of the
..... Click the link for more information. . La Paz, the highest capital in the world, lies at an altitude of c.12,000 ft (3,660 m) and is crowded into a long, narrow valley cut by the La Paz River. The site, where there was an Inca village, was chosen by Alonso de Mendoza in 1548 because it offered a modicum of protection in winter from the wind and cold of the barren high plateau c.1,400 ft (430 m) above. Because of the narrowness of the valley, the city could not be laid out in the customary Spanish gridiron pattern. The Plaza Murillo, named after the independence leader Pedro Domingo Murillo, with the national palace, cathedral, and other buildings, is small; there are only a few broad, long avenues, and the streets ascend steeply on either side. Since the climate is generally cool and extreme variations in temperature are common, what flowers and trees there are must be carefully tended. La Paz's location on colonial trade routes made it the commercial and political focus of colonial life; some of the colonial architecture remains. La Paz is an agricultural market and has light manufacturing industries. Its Univ. of San Andrés was founded in 1830, and a Catholic university in 1966. There are extraordinary tourist attractions in the region, notably the Andean peaks Illimani and Illampú, Lake Titicaca, the ruins of Tiahuanaco, and the adjacent tropical yungasyungas
, region of lowland valleys in the eastern piedmont of the Andes Mts., 5,000–8,000 ft (1,524–2,438 m) high, extending from the Peru-Bolivia border SE into central Bolivia. They receive excessive rainfall and are warm and humid.
..... Click the link for more information. . The city's full name is La Paz de Ayacucho, after a Bolivian victory at Ayacucho, Peru, in the war for independence (1809–25).
a city in Bolivia and the administrative center of La Paz Department; the functional capital and political, economic, and cultural center of the country. It is situated in the Andes, in a canyon of the Río de La Paz, at an elevation of 3,660 m. It has a tropical high-mountain climate. The mean temperature is 6°C in the coldest month (July) and 11°C in the warmest month (December). The annual precipitation is 570 mm. Population, 562,700 (1970). A railroad and highway junction, La Paz is linked by railroad with ports in Peru, Chile, and Argentina. El Alto Airport is of international significance. There are food-processing, textile, tobacco, and paper industries, as well as the production of cement, glass, footwear, furniture, and other items. La Paz also manufactures handicrafts (ceramics, wood carvings, and gold and silver articles). It is a commercial center.
La Paz was founded in 1548 by the Spanish conquistador Alonso de Mendoza. It was named La Paz (”peace”) to commemorate the reconciliation of several groups of Spanish conquistadors that had long been fighting among themselves. However, there was a continual struggle for power in the city among the descendants of the Spanish colonialists, which was accompanied by rebellions, revolts, and palace coups. In 1809 an uprising erupted in La Paz against Spanish rule, which was a prologue to the War of Independence of the Spanish-American Colonies of 1810–26. In 1825 the city was finally liberated by the troops of General Sucre. In 1898, La Paz became the de facto capital of Bolivia (the official capital is Sucre). In April 1952 the city was the site of a three-day rebellion, which marked the beginning of the Bolivian Revolution of 1952.
La Paz is the seat of the president’s residence and government institutions. The rectangular grid of streets from colonial times has survived in the old sections, which have traditional two-story houses. Several buildings were constructed in the baroque style, including the 18th-century Diez de Medina Palace (1775; three stories with arcades and stairways in internal courtyards), the 18th-century Villaverde Palace, the Church of San Francisco (c. 1743–84; a tripartite portal with rich carving), the Church of Santo Domingo (1726), the Church of San Pedro (1790; the vault of the nave and the dome made from a lime-pumice cement on a thatched framework). In the partially rebuilt center (including Arce, Camacho, and Potoci streets, as well as Avenida de 16 julio) there are multistory, reinforced-concrete buildings that were constructed in the mid-20th century. On the outskirts of the city are Indian sections with poor facilities.
La Paz is the seat of the University of San Andrés, a pedagogical institute, the National Conservatory, the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of History, the Geophysical Institute, the Library of the Department of Culture, the Municipal Library; the Tiahuanaco National Museum (art of ancient and colonial periods, Bolivian folk art), and the Municipal Theater.
a city in Mexico, in the southern part of Lower California, administrative center of Baja California Sur. Population, 42,000 (1969). La Paz has cotton-ginning enterprises. It is a commercial and fishing port. Cotton is exported.