La Venta


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La Venta

 

a cultic center of the Olmec culture on an island in the mouth of the Tonalá River in the state of Tabasco, Mexico. La Venta flourished between the eighth and fourth centuries B.C. It includes several pyramids (up to 35 m high), numerous earth mounds, ceremonial platforms paved with valuable rocks, burial vaults, ceremonial hiding places, altars, and stelae. Particularly unique are the five colossal sculptures of human heads made of basalt, each head weighing 10 to 13 tons. Many small sculptures made of jade, jadeite, and clay have also been found. Many of La Venta’s finds have been transferred to an open-air museum in the city of Villahermosa, Mexico.

REFERENCES

Guliaev, V. I. Drevneishie tsivilizatsii Mezoameriki. Moscow, 1972.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Italy-based La Venta Esplorazioni Geografiche described as 'fake news' Cimatu's statement that the regular flow of tourists had increased the cave's carbon dioxide levels and blackened its limestone ceilings.
Anthropologists typically fall into one of two competing camps: the first believes that it developed almost entirely on its own in the jungles of what now is Guatemala and southern Mexico; the second believes that the Mayan civilization developed as the result of direct influences from the older Olmec civilization and its center of La Venta.