Labiatae


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Labiatae

[‚lā·bē′ā‚tē]
(botany)
A large family of dicotyledonous plants in the order Lamiales; members are typically aromatic and usually herbaceous or merely shrubby.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Labiatae

 

or Lamiaceae, a family of dicotyledonous plants. They may be herbs, undershrubs, shrubs, and rarely lianas or small trees. The leaves are opposite or verticillate, simple, and without stipules. The flowers are in blossom clusters (only occasionally single) and as a rule are bisexual and irregular. The calyx is gamophyllous, with five petals and five serrations, or bilabiate, and with an expressed tube. The corolla is gamopetalous and for the most part bilabiate. There are four stamens (in two pairs), or more rarely two. The gynoecium is made up of two carpels; the gynoecium is superior and has four sections or four lobes; the fruit usually separates into four monospermous nutlike parts.

There are about 200 genera (3,500 species), which are found everywhere, especially in the Mediterranean area and in Southwest and Middle Asia. In the USSR there are 69 genera, represented by almost 1,000 species. Many Labiatae are rich in volatile oils; they are used in the perfume industry (for example, lavender and rosemary), in medicine (motherwort, mint, and basil), and sometimes in food, chiefly as condiments (marjoram and basil). Lallemantias and Perillas are cultivated for the production of industrial fatty oils. Many Labiatae are good producers of nectar.

REFERENCES

“Gubotsvetnye.” In Flora SSSR,vols. 20–21. Moscow-Leningrad, 1954.
Takhtadzhian, A. L. Sistema i filogeniia tsvetkovykh rastenii. Moscow-Leningrad, 1966.
Melchior, H. “Tubiflorae.” In A. Engler,Syllabus der Pflanzenfamilien, 12th ed., vol. 2. Berlin, 1964.

M. E. KIRPICHNIKOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
[4] proposed a new classification system using molecular data after he carried out a phylogeny ofbasils and allies (Labiatae, tribe Ocimeae) based on sequences of the trnL intron, trnL-trnFintergenic spacer and rps16 intron.
Raja, "Medicinally potential plants of Labiatae (lamiaceae) family: an overview," Research Journal of Medicinal Plant, vol.
MDA, frequently used to show the involvement of free radicals in cell damage, is one of the final products of lipid peroxidation.15,16 RA, a phenolic compound found in various Labiatae herbs,6 possesses several anti-inflammatory properties and anti-oxidant activities.17,18 It was isolated from many species of the families Lamiaceae and Boraginaceae and was identified as one of the active components of several medicinal plants (e.g.
Crops belonging to the family of Labiatae, like oregano, lemon balm, thyme and sage, are characterized by high contents of phenolic acids, mainly rosmarinic acid, caffeic acid and protocatechuic acid.
AA-48-07 Fabaceae Vangueria apiculata [L.] W Fruit Walp * AA-47-07 Lablab purpureus [L.] W Seeds Sweet AA-33-07 Cajanus cajan [L.] C Seeds Druce * AA-17-07 Labiatae Hyptis spicigera Lam.
Some of the plants that will draw beneficial insects to your area include: parsley family (Umbelliferae) with angelica, caraway, coriander, cow parsnip, fennel, wild carrot, dill, lovage, black snakeroot; daisy and sunflower family (Compositae) with aster, joe pye weed, tansy, zinnia, marigold, dahlia, calendula, dandelion, coneflower, coreopsis, cosmos, golden rod, sunflower, yarrow; mustard family (Cruciferae); pea, bean and clover family (Leguminosae); rose family (Rosaceae); mint family (Labiatae).
Three groups received 10 g (about 1.5 tsp) of one of 3 types of honey: eucalyptus, citrus, or labiatae (derived from plants including sage, mint, and thyme); the fourth group received a placebo of silan date extract, which is similar to honey in color, texture, and taste.
Una nueva especie de Hyptis (Labiatae) de Colombia.