trade union

(redirected from Labor organizations)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Financial.

trade union:

see union, laborunion, labor,
association of workers for the purpose of improving their economic status and working conditions through collective bargaining with employers. Historically there have been two chief types of unions: the horizontal, or craft, union, in which all the members are
..... Click the link for more information.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

Trade union

A combination of trades organized for the purpose of promoting their common interests with regard to wages, hours of work safety measurements, unemployment compensation, and other benefits.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved

trade(s) union

an employee organization primarily concerned with improving the conditions and rewards of the working lives of its members. Sociological analysis of trade unions has involved:
  1. distinguishing them from other forms of employee organizations;
  2. explaining their emergence, the forms they have taken, the objectives they have pursued, and the strategies they have adopted;
  3. examining trade-union government, levels of member involvement, and trade-union democracy;
  4. consideration of the impact of trade unions on work and wider society.

Internationally, differences in overall patterns of trade-union organization (e.g. number of unions, degree of centralization and involvement in government and level of membership) are striking; sociologists have also been interested in the implications of these differences.

Trade unions can be distinguished from PROFESSIONS, which are fully in control of the content of specific areas of work and often also able to control recruitment, and also from staff associations, which, as largely management-sponsored organizations, are often limited to a consultative role (see also UNIONATENESS).

Explanations for the emergence of, and variations in types and objectives of, trade unions have occasioned considerable debate. Fundamentally, however, trade unions can be regarded as attempts to offset the unequal relationship between employees and employers under capitalism (see also CAPITALIST LABOUR CONTRACT). Differences in the manner and degree to which different categories of workers were able to enhance their bargaining capacity accounted for historical differences between different kinds of trade-union organization, e.g. distinctions between ‘craft’, ‘general’ and ‘industrial’ unions. More recently, distinctions between different types of trade union have tended to break down, with the proliferation of new ‘market-based unions’ (i.e. accepting single union, single status, flexible working, no-strike agreements), and a debate within the trade union movement between ‘traditionalists’ and ‘new realists’. The problems currently facing unions in Britain are those arising from the restructuring of the national and international economy, decline in membership (particularly in manufacturing), anti-trade- union legislation and reduced union political influence (see also CORPORATISM) Analysis of the internal dynamics of trade unions has been largely concerned with testing MICHELS’ thesis that as political organizations grow larger they become less democratic and more conservative (see also IRON LAW OF OLIGARCHY). Conclusive statements on this issue are difficult given the various measures of democracy that exist (e.g. responsive leadership, institutionalized opposition, active participation, effective representation of members’ interests). It is clear, however, that variations in levels of ‘democracy’ are related to the characteristics of the membership of a union (e.g. social status) and the context in which the union operates (see also LIPSET).

A main strand of sociological debate about the social impact and effectiveness of trade unions has concerned their implications for CLASS CONSCIOUSNESS and whether they constitute any kind of threat to capitalism. Explanations for what are in fact usually seen as relatively limited trade-union objectives -at least in Britain – have focused on:

  1. the way in which they have segmented the labour movement by organizing around the stratification of occupations;
  2. the emergence of institutions through which conflict has become institutionalized and regulated; and
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
References in periodicals archive ?
Clearly, respectable manhood was a prescriptive tool, employed for larger organizational purposes; it helped mobilize and discipline membership while demonstrating to railroad management and the public that the brotherhoods were labor organizations to be trusted and nurtured.
For one thing, they highlight the fact that even if women were not organized as workers they nevertheless wielded influence in men's labor organizations. Women's temperance rhetoric and activity bolstered brotherhood temperance efforts and to an extent influenced union policy.
It certainly did not, however, distinguish them from labor organizations in the West.(24)
They were very ordinary labor organizations, which shared in the strengths and weaknesses of real unions everywhere.
With respect to the Electromation case, the NLRB must first determine whether the "action committees" established bythe company were labor organizations; and, if so, whether its conduct vis-a-vis the action committees fell within the description of Section 8(a)(2).
In 1974, following an ALA reorganization, a responsibility statement was adopted, with the primary charge "to initiate, develop and foster, through the organizational structures of the ALA and the AFL-CIO, ways and means of effecting closer cooperation between librarian and labor organizations" (ALA Handbook of Organization, 1999-2000, pp.
Harrison struck effective alliances with the city's labor organizations, stealing the thunder of many labor politicians in the early 1880s.
The militant labor organization with about 500,000 affiliated union members also said it will go ahead with a general strike planned for June 10 to protest mass layoffs.
Section 8(a)(2) makes it illegal for a company to "dominate or interfere" with any "labor organization" or contribute financial or other support to it.
He added, back in 1886 brave labors in Chicago launched movement for labors basic rights, against their demands, forces brutally martyred them, "Due to their sacrificed today working hours for labors decreased from 16 to 08 hours." Lamenting on Government behavior, the labor organizations said, the country's economic development lies on labor class, because due to their utmost efforts the country's industries have been running, "Labor in country must be paid monthly 30,000 following growing inflation, and the rights of labors in Balochistan shouldn't be exploited at any cost.
Kuwait, ILO join forces for "decent work" program KUWAIT, Dec 9 (KUNA) -- Kuwait has signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with the International Labor Organization (ILO) over a three-year "decent work" program, which deals with employment that respects fundamental human rights.
The union argued successfully that in the years the plan was found not to be a tax-exempt plan, the trust was exempt as a "labor organization" under Sec.