Laboratory Work

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Laboratory Work


one of the forms of independent practical work for students in higher, specialized secondary, and general schools.

The aim of laboratory work is to deepen and fix theoretical knowledge and to develop the skills of independent experimentation. The work includes preparing the apparatus, equipment, and reagents necessary for an experiment, diagraming and planning the experiment, carrying out the experiment itself, and writing a laboratory report. Laboratory work is widely used in teaching the natural sciences and technical disciplines, with the appropriate ratio of theoretical to laboratory work established for each particular field.

Laboratory work is accorded 10–30 percent of the teaching time in the higher educational institutions and technical schools of the USSR. In certain disciplines, such as chemistry, physics, biology, and general electrical engineering, 60–70 percent of the time is spent on laboratory work. As a rule, laboratory work ends with a final report on the whole cycle of experiments performed.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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