wrasse

(redirected from Labrid)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

wrasse

(răs), common name for a member of the large family Labridae, brilliantly colored fishes found among rocks and kelp in tropical seas. Wrasses, related to the parrotfishesparrotfish,
common name for a member of a large group of colorful reef fishes of warm seas, resembling the wrasses but of a larger size. Long considered a separate family, Scaridae, they are now grouped as a subfamily, Scarinae, of Labridae (the wrasse family) by some
..... Click the link for more information.
 (which are included in the wrasse family by some authorities), feed on mollusks and are equipped with shell-crushing teeth in both the mouth and throat. The lips are fleshy, and some wrasses are able to extend the mouth and jaws forward to engulf their prey. Well known on the N Atlantic coast are the cunners (about 1 ft/30 cm long), which are useful scavengers. The tautog, or blackfish, an important food fish of the S New England coast, is a sluggish fish that hibernates in cold weather. Southern wrasses, found off the West Indies and Florida coasts, include the hogfish, a large, showy red fish with a piglike snout, and the puddingwife. The California sheepshead is a large wrasse reaching up to 3 ft (91 cm) and 30 lb (13.5 kg) and most abundant S of Monterey. The female is a dull red and the male is boldly patterned in crimson and black. The flesh of wrasses sometimes causes ciguatera poisoning in humans. Wrasses are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
..... Click the link for more information.
, subphylum Vertebrata, class Actinopterygii, order Perciformes, family Labridae.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

wrasse

any marine percoid fish of the family Labridae, of tropical and temperate seas, having thick lips, strong teeth, and usually a bright coloration: many are used as food fishes
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
There are several reports pertaining to both anxiolytic and antidepressant of serontonergic drugs (Yocca et al., 1990; Labrid et al., 1992; Murphy et al., 1995).
Jordan, Box 30, Folder 303, "I signed and forwarded the vouchers which you sent me, and also two others received from Washington two or three days ago, for the three labrid fishes ..."
Cirrhilabrus bathyphilus, a new deep-dwelling labrid fish from the Coral Sea.
The Role of Labrid Fish in Prehistoric Economies in New Zealand.
Camera (color), Pascal Lagriffoul; editor, Roland Baubeau; music, Kraked; production designer, Mathieu Menut; costume designer, Francois Billard; sound (Dolby), Lucien Balibar, Eric Bonnard, Aymeric Devoldere; associate producers, Francois Ivernel, Romain Le Grand, Leonard Glowinski; assistant director, Veronique Labrid; casting, Stephane Foenkinos, Nicolas Ronchi.
Relationships between the dynamics of spawning and settlement have been examined in only one pelagic-spawning tropical reef fish, the Caribbean labrid Thalassoma bifasciatum.
Estimates of adult and juvenile mortality for labrid fishes at One Tree Reef, Great Barrier Reef.
Transmission of force and velocity in the feeding mechanisms of labrid fishes (Teleostei, Perciformes).
Other freeloading species of fishes that have been observed following these two goatfishes include groupers of the genera Cephalopholis, Epinephelus, and Variola, larger species of the labrid genera Halichoeres and Thalassoma, turkeyfishes (Pterois spp.), Cornetfish (Fistularia commersonii), and Trumpetfish (Aulostomus chinensis).
A new tropical eastern Pacific labrid fish, Halichoeres discolor, endemic to Isla del Coco, Costa Rica.
-- California Sheephead, Semicossyphus pulcher, is a monandric protogynous hermaphrodite and a commercially and recreationally valuable labrid. Gonadal functionality of Sheephead through sex change was reclassified into nine classes using current criteria for categorization.