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Greece: see LaconiaLaconia
or Lacedaemon
, ancient region, S Peloponnesus, Greece, bounded on the W by Messenia and on the N by Arcadia and Argolis. On the Eurotas (now Evrotás), the principal river, stood Sparta, the capital.
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For it was the serfdom of the Messenians, predicated on Lacedaemon's earlier treatment of the Helots, which advanced a Spartiate class that constantly prepared for war.
"Plutarch singles out of the whole life of Brutus one exceptional action; his promising the plunder of Lacedaemon and Thessalonica to his troops.
to them: "Men of Lacedaemon, the Athenians entreat you
The Dorian surge inhabited Lacedaemon (Sparta), and wars with Athens and neighboring cities continued where they had left off.
Although there is a long tradition, going back at least to the tenth century, that would see Aristophanes' Birds (performed in the spring of 414 B.C.) as somehow related to the exile in Lacedaemon of Alcibiades, and to the fortification of the Attic township of Decelea by his Spartan hosts (Arg.
Terpandrus when he ended the brabbles at Lacedaemon, neyther pyped Rogero nor Turkelony, but reckoning vp the commodities of friendeship, and fruites of debate, putting them in mind of Lycurgus lawes, taught them too treade a better measure.(31)
Nestor, a wartime comrade of Odysseus, advised Telemachus to go to Lacedaemon, where Menelaus, who reigned there as king, could possibly give him the information he sought.
(or Lacedaemon) The ancient capital of Laconia, in the southeast corner of the Peloponnesus.
IT IS TOLD OF LYCURGUS, THE GREAT SPARTAN LAWGIVER, THAT before returning--from self-imposed exile--to give laws to Lacedaemon, he sent before him a wise Cretan named Thales, who introduced such musical modes among the Spartans as to render them tranquil and orderly, uniting them in admiration of virtue and disposing their souls to embrace the best of laws.
Pater's sadomasochism is fully evident in the Lacedaemon chapter of Plato and Platonism.
We may add especially 34.32.4 Lacedaemon quoque uindicanda in antiquam libertatem erat atque in leges suas and 38.44.4 senatus consultum factum est, ut Ambraciensibus suae res omnes redderentur; in libertate essent ac legibus suis uterentur ...(33) By contrast, the unadorned leges is colourless and far less pointed.(34)