He chooses to go with Cyrus despite Socrates' warning that doing so will anger the Athenians, inasmuch as Cyrus had "eagerly joined with the Lacedaemonians
in making war against Athens" (3.
The constitution of the Lacedaemonians
by Xenophon of Athens; a new critical edition with a facing-page English translation.
Perioikoi were a group within the body of Lacedaemonians
, separate and not equal to the Spartiates, but at the same time distinct from the oppressed helots.
After the full Moon two thousand Lacedaemonians
[Spartans] came to Athens, making so great haste to reach it that they were in Attica on the third day from their leaving Sparta," writes Herodotus.
Where, as among the Lacedaemonians
, the state of women is bad, almost half of human life is spoilt" (1361a 9-12).
For instance, in "Of the education of children," Montaigne explains why the Lacedaemonians
avoided writing down the rules of prowess and giving them to their young men to read: "They wanted to accustom them to deeds, not words.
gave sentence that the peace was broken and that war was to be made, not so much for the words of the confederates as for fear the Athenian greatness should still increase.
This is the basis of every type of bravery; and if Lycurgus made the Lacedaemonians
the bravest men, it is because he knew how to establish a shame impossible to surmount.
Consider Thucydides: "The truest cause [of the Peloponnesian War], even if the one least apparent in speech, I believe to be that the Athenians by becoming great and instilling fear in the Lacedaemonians
compelled them to make war" (I.
The other has to do with the number of Lacedaemonians
who fought at Thermoplyae.
16) North's Plutarch's tells us in the ~Life of Romulus' (25) that ~euery man iudgeth it a vaine bragge and ostentation which the MESSENIANS reporte of Aristomenes, who offered in sacrifice to the goddes three hundred beastes of victorie, as for so many LACEDAEMONIANS himself had slayne in the battell.
23) that the Athenians "becoming great" and the fear inspired in the Lacedaemonians
"necessitated" the war is certainly not framed as a general statement of the causes of all wars.