Ladislaus Posthumus,1440–57, king of Hungary (1444–57) and, as Ladislaus I, king of Bohemia (1453–57). Ladislaus, duke of Austria by birth as the posthumous son of Albert of Hapsburg, duke of Austria and German king (see Albert IIAlbert II,
1397–1439, Holy Roman Emperor, king of Hungary and Bohemia (1438–39), duke of Austria (1404–38). He was the son-in-law of Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund, whom he aided against the Hussites of Bohemia.
..... Click the link for more information. ), was recognized (1443) as king of Bohemia by the majority of the Bohemian diet but was only crowned in 1453. He was elected king of Hungary after the death (1444) of Ladislaus IIILadislaus III,
1424–44, king of Poland (1434–44) and, as Uladislaus I, king of Hungary (1440–44), son of Ladislaus II. He led two crusades against the Ottomans; the first (1443) was highly successful, but the second ended with his defeat and death in the battle
..... Click the link for more information. of Poland. However, his guardian and second cousin, Holy Roman Emperor Frederick IIIFrederick III,
1415–93, Holy Roman emperor (1452–93) and German king (1440–93). With his brother Albert VI he inherited the duchies of Styria, Carinthia, and Carniola.
..... Click the link for more information. , at whose court Ladislaus grew up, refused to surrender the boy and thus enable him to take his rightful place as king of Bohemia and of Hungary. In 1451 the Austrians rebelled and demanded that Frederick release their young duke; he was released in 1452 as the unofficial ward of his powerful uncle, Ulrich, count of Cilli, but Ladislaus governed none of his realms. George of PodebradGeorge of Podebrad
, 1420–71, king of Bohemia (1458–71). A Bohemian nobleman, he became leader of the Utraquists, or the moderate Hussites, in the wars between Hussites and Catholics.
..... Click the link for more information. was regent in Bohemia, John HunyadiHunyadi, John
, Hung. Hunyadi János, c.1385–1456, Hungarian national hero, leader of the resistance against the Ottomans. He was chosen (1441) voivode [governor] of Transylvania under King Uladislaus I (Ladislaus III of Poland) and won numerous victories over
..... Click the link for more information. in Hungary. After the death (1456) of Hunyadi, Ulrich became regent of Hungary. He and the king were captured by Hunyadi's son Ladislaus, and Ulrich was killed. Freed shortly afterward, the king had Ladislaus Hunyadi executed in 1457 and then fled to Prague, where he died, probably by poisoning. He was succeeded in Austria by his Hapsburg relatives, in Bohemia by George of Podebrad, and in Hungary by Matthias CorvinusMatthias Corvinus
, 1443?–1490, king of Hungary (1458–90) and Bohemia (1478–90), second son of John Hunyadi. He was elected king of Hungary on the death of Ladislaus V. Holy Roman Emperor Frederick III sought to contest the election but recognized him in 1462.
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