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(invertebrate zoology)
The ladybird beetles, a family of coleopteran insects in the superfamily Cucujoidea.



a family of beetles. The body is convex, rounded, or oval. The coloration consists of various combinations of red, yellow, white, and black, with mostly black spots on a light background, or, more rarely, the reverse. The body is usually 4 to 7 mm long. The beetles are easily noticed because of their bright “protective” coloration, which is the same in the larvae and pupae. When touched, they secrete drops of a caustic orange hemolymph from the knee joints. The beetles are inedible for the majority of insectivorous invertebrates. The beetles and larvae are predators and extremely voracious; they feed on aphids, scale insects, and other small insects. A few species are herbivorous. There are approximately 2,000 species. They are distributed in all the countries of the world; in the European part of the USSR there are about 80 species. The predatory species are useful, whereas several herbivorous species are harmful. For example, the melon ladybug (Epilachna chrysomelina) harms melon crops in the south of Russia, and the 28-spotted ladybug (E. vigintioctomaculata) damages potatoes in the Far East. Predatory ladybugs are used in combating scale insects. In Abkhazia, the imported Australian ladybug (Rodolia cardinalis) and Cryptolaemus mon-trouzieri suppressed the reproduction of the dangerous citrus crop pests, the fluted scale and the citrus mealybug, as well as the cushion scale. In the USSR local ladybugs are also used to combat aphids. Ladybugs are collected to be released where there are many aphids. The collection of ladybugs is facilitated by the fact that they often hibernate in large piles (under rocks and pulvinate shrubs, for example).


Telenga, N. A. Biologicheskii metod bor’by s vrednymi nasekomymi (khishchnye koktsinellidy i ispol’zovanie ikh ν SSSR). Kiev, 1948.
Diadechko, N. P. Koktsinellidy Ukrainskoi SSR. Kiev, 1954.
Biologicheskaia bor’ba s vrednymi nasekomymi i sorniakami. Moscow, 1968. (Translated from English.)


References in periodicals archive ?
Lady Bird argues with her mother (Laurie Metcalf), confides in her father (Tracy Letts), forges new friendships, explores romantic relationships, and applies to college, all while desperately trying to be different and still accepted by her peers.
When they try out for the school play -- a spirited production of Merrily We Roll Along -- Julie turns out to be better at acting and Lady Bird is mortifyingly given a non-speaking part in the chorus.
Although Lady Bird isn't strictly autobiographical, Gerwig draws on fond memories of her Californian hometown for a beautifully observed Valentine to mother-daughter relationships and youthful exuberance, infused with unabashed warmth for her well drawn characters.
Christine's laid back father Larry (Tracy Letts) reluctantly plays peacemaker between mother and daughter, who insists on being called by her "given name" of Lady Bird.
As she dreams of her life in the future, she carries off this story, this film titled Lady Bird, to heights we rarely see now in youth films.
It will contend with gay romance Call Me By Your Name, British World War Two dramas Darkest Hour and Dunkirk, racial thriller Get Out, mother-daughter tale Lady Bird, romance Phantom Thread, press freedom movie The Post and dark comedy Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri for the best picture award at the Academy Awards ceremony in Hollywood on March 4.
The delightful and insightful Lady Bird catalogs the misadventures of Christine McPherson (Saoirse Ronan) as she completes her senior year at Immaculate Heart, an all-girl high school in Sacramento.
June the Prune and Lady Bird - Cancer Stinks" by Gracie Bradford published August 21, 2016.
The lives of two successful women, Jacqueline Kennedy and Lady Bird Johnson, were inextricably bound with the political careers of their husbands.
Betty Boyd Caroli uses a wealth of primary sources to explore the marriage of Lady Bird and Lyndon (Simon & Schuster, $29.