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(invertebrate zoology)
The ladybird beetles, a family of coleopteran insects in the superfamily Cucujoidea.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a family of beetles. The body is convex, rounded, or oval. The coloration consists of various combinations of red, yellow, white, and black, with mostly black spots on a light background, or, more rarely, the reverse. The body is usually 4 to 7 mm long. The beetles are easily noticed because of their bright “protective” coloration, which is the same in the larvae and pupae. When touched, they secrete drops of a caustic orange hemolymph from the knee joints. The beetles are inedible for the majority of insectivorous invertebrates. The beetles and larvae are predators and extremely voracious; they feed on aphids, scale insects, and other small insects. A few species are herbivorous. There are approximately 2,000 species. They are distributed in all the countries of the world; in the European part of the USSR there are about 80 species. The predatory species are useful, whereas several herbivorous species are harmful. For example, the melon ladybug (Epilachna chrysomelina) harms melon crops in the south of Russia, and the 28-spotted ladybug (E. vigintioctomaculata) damages potatoes in the Far East. Predatory ladybugs are used in combating scale insects. In Abkhazia, the imported Australian ladybug (Rodolia cardinalis) and Cryptolaemus mon-trouzieri suppressed the reproduction of the dangerous citrus crop pests, the fluted scale and the citrus mealybug, as well as the cushion scale. In the USSR local ladybugs are also used to combat aphids. Ladybugs are collected to be released where there are many aphids. The collection of ladybugs is facilitated by the fact that they often hibernate in large piles (under rocks and pulvinate shrubs, for example).


Telenga, N. A. Biologicheskii metod bor’by s vrednymi nasekomymi (khishchnye koktsinellidy i ispol’zovanie ikh ν SSSR). Kiev, 1948.
Diadechko, N. P. Koktsinellidy Ukrainskoi SSR. Kiev, 1954.
Biologicheskaia bor’ba s vrednymi nasekomymi i sorniakami. Moscow, 1968. (Translated from English.)


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
I would walk down the streets of Edinburgh to hear people shout, "Lady Bug Warrior!" That final show I even came out in Braveheart makeup and chatted about haggis--as a tribute to the country I had fallen in love with.
It has a 26-inch long broom and comes in leopard, lady bug and zebra patterns.
For example, when I teach about insects, I put up material with a lady bug pattern.
The stewards inquired into the use of the whip by Wendy Fox, rider of Lady Bug, on the way to the start and at the start in the bumper, where the mare refused to race.
Consider a passage from Mother Goose that appears as an epigraph for the title story of Ariel Dorfman's new collection of short narratives in English translation, My House Is on Fire: "Lady bug, lady bug,/Fly away home./Your house is on fire./Your children will burn." From the perspective of the child, what does this gentle ladybug represent-that is, of course, if she is gentle?
We stopped and we saw a lady bug rock," said Aubree Estrada, 10.
For example, in looking at a lady bug, she says to Mogi, "Did you know ladybugs can play dead to keep predators away?" She then notes that to dress as a ladybug, she would need "two wing cases, two wings and two antennae" and is shown in such a costume.
They go on nature hunts round the school grounds, we have snail and lady bug mazes, it's brilliant," said Ms Brownrigg.
The seafarers formed part of the crew of the MV B Lady Bug. The company that owned the vessel went bankrupt and abandoned the crew.
Canning with friends for the church fair and taking care of her beloved mini schnauzers, Lady Bug and Cricket all gave her great joy in life.