Lagomorpha


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Related to Lagomorpha: Insectivora, Rodentia

Lagomorpha

The order of mammals including rabbits, hares, and pikas. Lagomorphs have two pairs of upper incisors (the second pair minute), and enamel surrounds the tooth, which does not form a sharp chisel. Motion of the jaw is vertical or transverse. Lagomorphs have three upper and two lower premolars, the earliest fossil rodents have one less of each. The tibia and fibula are fused, the fibula articulating with the calcaneum as in artiodactyls. There is a spiral valve in the cecum, and the scrotum is prepenial.

The order includes three families: Leporidae (rabbits and hares); Ochotonidae (pikas, whistling hares, or American coneys); and Eurymylidae, an extinct family from the Paleocene of Mongolia. See Mammalia

Leporidae are the most familiar members of the order. There are, in general, two kinds: rabbits (such as the American cottontail), which are relatively small, with shorter hindlegs, shorter ears, and short tails; and hares, larger forms with longer legs, ears, and tails. Rapid locomotion is by leaps, using the hindlegs, combined (especially in rabbits) with abrupt changes of direction. Both types occur in the same region, with rabbits inhabiting brush, scrub, or woods and hares living in open grassland. In North America, hares are usually called jackrabbits.

Lagomorpha

 

an order of mammals close to the rodents.

There are two families of Lagomorpha, the pikas and the hares. They have two pairs of incisors in the upper jaw; body length is 12–75 centimeters, and weight varies from 0.1 to 4.5 kg. The typical manner of locomotion is rapid running by leaps. In color they are gray, sandy, brown, and dark brown; some species are lighter or completely white in the winter. They are found throughout the world, except for Antarctica, the southern extremities of South America, and Madagascar. They have become acclimated to Australia, New Zealand, and certain other oceanic islands. Lagomorpha inhabit various kinds of environments, including forests, brush thickets, open plains, and rocky deposits. Many species dig simple burrows and live in colonies. They are vegetarians and characteristically eat their own excrement (autocoprophagy), which permits more complete assimilation of food. They have commercial importance, since both their meat and their fur are exploited. Certain species are pests to agriculture and forestry, spreading carriers of various dangerous infections. As fossils they are known as far back as the Upper Paleocene period. The fundamental groups of contemporary Lagomorpha developed in the Pleistocene Age. Their origins are apparently connected with the family of Palaeolagidae.

REFERENCES

Gureev, A. A. Zaitseobraznye (Lagomorpha). (Fauna SSSR: Mlekopitaiushchie, vol. 3, fasc. 10.) Moscow-Leningrad, 1964.
Ognev, S. I. Zveri SSSR i prilezhashchikh stran, vol. 4. Moscow-Leningrad, 1940.

O. L. ROSSOLIMO

Lagomorpha

[‚lag·ə′mȯr·fə]
(vertebrate zoology)
The order of mammals including rabbits, hares, and pikas; differentiated from rodents by two pairs of upper incisors covered by enamel, vertical or transverse jaw motion, three upper and two lower premolars, fused tibia and fibula, and a spiral valve in the cecum.
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1977): Revision sistematica y bioestratigrafica de los Lagomorpha (Mammalia) del Terciario y Cuaternario de Espana.
Allen, 1897 LAGOMORPHA LEPORIDAE Sylvilagus AM floridanus (J.
La comunidad de mamiferos de mediano y gran porte de las Yungas del NOA incluye una diversidad importante de taxones, con aproximadamente 37 especies agrupadas en 9 ordenes (Artiodactyla, Carnivora, Cingulata, Didelphimorphia, Lagomorpha, Perissodactyla, Pilosa, Primates y Rodentia).
The orders include Insectivora, Scandentia, Chiroptera, Pholidota, Primates, Rodentia, Lagomorpha, Creodonta, Carnivora, Tubulidentata, Proboscidea, Artiodactyla, and Perissodactyla.
Taxonomicamente los conejos silvestres Sytvilagus hacen parte del orden Lagomorpha, el cual posee dos familias: la Ocotonidae y la Leporidae; esta ultima, abarca 29 especies de liebres.
0 Lagomorpha Sylvilagus brasiliensis (Linnaeus, 1758) Carnivora Nasua nasua (Linnaeus, 1766) Galictis cuja (Molina, 1782) Eira Barbara (Linnaeus, 1758) Procvon cancrivorus (G.
Prey Ocelot Bobcat (n = 61) (n = 20) Mammals Insectivora Cryptotis parva X Notiosorex crawfordi X X Lagomorpha Lepus californicus X X Sylvilagus Jloridanus X X Rodentia Chaetodipus hispidus X Geomys personatus X Liomys irroratus X X Neotoma micropus X X Onychomys leucogaster X Perognath us merriami X Peromyscus leucopus X X Reithrodontomys fulvescens X Sigmodon hispidus X X Artiodactyla Odocoikus virginianus X X Birds Cuculiformes Geococcyx californianus X Passeriformes Cyanocorax yucas X Icteria virens X Mirnus polyglottos X Passer X Sialia currucoides X Reptiles Squamata Sceloporus X
species in gradient in SW Ohio Didelphimorphia 1 1 (1) Soricomorpha 1 3 (1) Lagomorpha 1 1 (1) Rodentia 6 17 (13) Carnivora 1 9 (6) Artiodactyla 1 1 (1) * We did not use trapping methods designed to detect Talpidae (moles).
Allen, 1897 144 Tylomys nudicaudus Rata C MA LR/lc Peters, 1866 arboricola Familia Erethizonthidae 145 Coendu mexicanus Puerco espin C MA A Kerr, 1792 Familia Cuniculidae 146 Cuniculus paca Tepescuintle IC SA Linnaeus, 1766 Familia Dasyproctidae 147 Dasyprocta mexicana Guaqueque C MX LR/nt Saussure, 1860 ORDEN LAGOMORPHA Familia Leporidae 148 Syvilagus Conejo C SA brasiliensis Linnaeus, 1758 149 Sylvilagus Conejo C AM LR/lc floridanus J.
Caviidae 50 Galea musteloides Meyen, 1832 51 Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris (Linnaeus, 1766) Dasyproctidae 52 Dasyprocta variegata Tschudi, 1845 53 Myoprocta pratti Pocock, 1913 Cuniculidae 54 Cuniculus paca (Linnaeus, 1766) Echimyidae 55 Dactylomys boliviensis Anthony, 1920 56 Dactylomys dactylinus (Desmarest, 1817) 57 Isothrix bistriata Wagner, 1845 58 Mesomys hispidus (Desmarest, 1817) 59 Proechimys brevicauda (Gunther, 1877) 60 Proechimys simonsi Thomas, 1900 Lagomorpha Leporidae 61 Sylvilagus brasiliensis (Linnaeus, 1758) Chiroptera Emballonuridae 62 Rhynchonycteris naso (Wied-Neuwied, 1820) 63 Saccopteryx bilineata (Temminck, 1838) Phyllostomidae 64 Desmodus rotundus (E.