Laibach, Congress of

Laibach, Congress of

(lī`bäkh), conference of European powers in 1821, held in what is now Ljubljana, Slovenia. The chief powers at the congress were Russia, Austria, Prussia, France, and Great Britain. The meeting was convened to complete discussions begun at the Congress of Troppau (see Troppau, Congress ofTroppau, Congress of
, 1820, international conference convened at the behest of Czar Alexander I of Russia under the provisions of the Quadruple Alliance. The congress, which met at Troppau in Austrian Silesia, was attended by representatives of Russia, Austria, Prussia, Great
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). The congress caused the breach between Great Britain and the three conservative powers of Austria, Prussia, and Russia (popularly called the Holy Alliance) to widen. Ferdinand IFerdinand I,
1751–1825, king of the Two Sicilies (1816–25). He had previously been king of Naples (1759–99, 1799–1805, 1815–16) as Ferdinand IV and king of Sicily (1759–1816) as Ferdinand III.
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 of the Two Sicilies was present upon invitation, and the chief action of the congress was the sanctioning of the suppression by Austrian forces of uprisings in Naples and Piedmont.
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