Lajos Kassák

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kassák, Lajos


Born Mar. 21, 1887, in Ershekuivar; died July 22, 1967, in Budapest. Hungarian author.

Kassák’s verse in the early 1900’s was influenced by W. Whitman, and it expressed faith in the historical role of the working class (The Workmen, 1915). During World War I, Kassák led the Hungarian vanguardists, and in 1919 he emigrated to Vienna, where he remained until 1927. Although he diverged from communism in his views on revolution and literature, Kassák truthfully described the workers’ life (for example, in his novel Angyalfold, 1929). He also described his own difficult adolescence in his autobiographical novel The Life of One Man (1927–35). His lyrics are imbued with the spirit of democracy and humanism. They include his verse collections The Paupers’ Roses (1949), My Wealth, My Arsenal (1963), and The Oak Leaves (1964). Kassák was awarded the Kossuth State Prize in 1965.


Gusev, Iu. P. “Svoeobrazie formy v poezii Laiosha Kashshaka.” In the collection Khudozhestvennaia forma v literaturakh sotsialisticheskikh stran. Moscow, 1969.
Bori, I., and E. Körner. Kassák irodalma és festészete. Budapest, 1967.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Who painted the famous 1925 work, Les Perruches (The Parrots): Jean Dupas; Vladimir Tatlin; Kurt Schwitter; Lajos Kassak? Dupas.
On either side of the doors, there were four small paintings by Lajos Kassak that she recognized only because she had seen a collection of his forgettable abstracts at a recent Museum of Modern Art exhibition of Hungarian artists banned during the communist years.
Original artworks attributed to Lajos Kassak, Willem De Kooning, Marino Marini (sculptor), Giorgio De Chirico, Robert Rauschenberg, Joan Miro and Keith Haring among over 400 items.
and the stories they tell about the city," but his extraordinarily rich source base allows him to tell these stories through the poetry of Attila Jozsef, the writing and cultural politics of Lajos Kassak, and the music of Zoltan Kodaly and Bela Bartok, to mention a few of many notable short sections of the book.
But in "Adult Age," the plant wonders what the seed wanted, and "with that the seed of ultimate wisdom / is home on the ground / ready to sprout." And in poems about the role of the poet Nemenyi wonders if, in concert, all poets together could make the deaf hear, and, to change the figure, asserts that "even the violin clef can be tuned right / with a grindstone." In "Loathing Poetry," he recognizes the disenchantment occasioned by "the not / exactly poem like world's lot," but in the final poem, dedicated to Lajos Kassak and composed of lines from his poems, he praises the poet's drive "to build to build," "opening up space and prolonging time."