Lake Chad


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Related to Lake Chad: Lake Chad Basin Commission

Chad, Lake

(chăd, chäd), N central Africa. It lies mainly in Chad and Cameroon. Some 550 sq mi (1,425 sq km) in area in 2003, the shallow lake has been greatly reduced in size since the 1960s, when it varied seasonally from c.4,000 to c.10,000 sq mi (10,360–25,900 sq km) and was divided into north and south pools that extended into Nigeria and Niger. At its lowest levels open water was restricted to a portion of the south pool. The reduction in the lake's size was due to a falloff in the monsoons that feed that lake's tributaries and to increased use of water from the tributaries for irrigation. Since then the lake has recovered somewhat, but the north pool, which has suffered from an increase in permanent vegetation and loss of inflow, tends to disappear in the dry season. The ChariChari
or Shari
, longest river of interior drainage in Africa, c.650 mi (1,050 km) long, rising in the uplands of the Central African Republic, N central Africa.
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 River is the chief tributary of Lake Chad, which has no outlets.

Lake Chad was formerly even larger, attaining a depth of c.930 ft (285 m) in the 19th cent.; 60,000 years ago, it covered 150,000 sq mi (388,500 sq km), roughly the size of the Caspian Sea, with most of lake located in what is now central E Chad. The lake also has been much smaller than it was in the mid-20th cent., and probably has previously disappeared: The retreat of the shoreline has revealed sand dunes that were submerged until recently, and the fish found in the lake are adapted to river life.

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References in periodicals archive ?
There were 14 injured, of which four are in serious condition and have been transported by helicopter to Ndjamena," the capital, said Lake Chad local official Dimouya Souapebe.
"The general picture in West Africa today is that of, first, continuous concerns regarding the security situation in the Lake Chad Basin area and its humanitarian impact, in spite of progress made by the affected countries in the fight against Boko Haram; second, continuing risks of instability in several West African nations, in the lead up to their presidential elections later in the year, following the resounding success in the Nigerian electoral process; Lastly, trans-national organized crime and the Ebola Virus Disease still remain a matter of serious concern in spite of continuing national, regional and international efforts to curb these threats."
He highlighted the Inter-Water Basic transfer, aimed at recharging the Lake Chad, the National Food Security Programme, the Second Niger Bridge, various roads and school rehabilitation projects as some projects in Nigeria that have attracted the support of OIC institutions.
There is presently an alarming estimate of 2.8 million refugees in the Lake Chad region while estimates show that there are 9.2 million people in need of humanitarian assistance in the region.
Last December, Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari and his colleagues of the Lake Chad Basin Commission renewed their commitment to ending the Boko Haram insurgency, declaring "a fight to finish".
After the first Boko Haram attacks in 2015 in Chad, the country, and most notably the Lake Chad Basin, has been repeatedly targeted by this group, despite the authorities' continuous efforts to ensure security in the area.
class="font-size--16 MsoNormalIn May, militants killed four people in an attack on a Cameroonian island on Lake Chad and Boko Haram killed another 13 villagers in eastern Chad.
Mohammed Bila, a geologist with the Lake Chad Basin Commission (LCBC) notes that the political insurgency in the West African region started with the receding waters of Lake Chad over a decade ago.
Dimouya Soiapebe, the head of Lake Chad Province, said soldiers and a journalist for the national broadcaster had gone to the scene to "raise the morale of the troops" when the bomb went off.
Lake Chad 1.45 Wexford Lake Chad is a large, shallow lake in Africa which has varied in size over the centuries.

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