Lake Erie

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Wikipedia.

Erie, Lake,

9,940 sq mi (25,745 sq km), 241 mi (388 km) long and from 30 to 57 mi (48–92 km) wide, bordered on the N by S Ont., Canada, on the E by W N.Y., on the S by NW Pa. and N Ohio, and on the W by SE Mich. and NW Ohio.; fourth largest of the Great LakesGreat Lakes,
group of five freshwater lakes, central North America, creating a natural border between the United States and Canada and forming the largest body of freshwater in the world, with a combined surface area of c.95,000 sq mi (246,050 sq km).
..... Click the link for more information.
. It is 572 ft (174 m) above sea level with a maximum depth of 210 ft (64 m), making it the shallowest of the Great Lakes and the only one with a floor above sea level.

Lake Erie is part of the Great Lakes–St. Lawrence Seaway system and is linked to Lake Huron by the Detroit River, Lake St. Clair, and St. Clair River, and with Lake Ontario by the Niagara River (Lake Erie's only natural outlet) and the Welland Canal. The New York State Canal SystemNew York State Canal System,
waterway system, 524 mi (843 km) long, traversing New York state and connecting the Great Lakes with the Finger Lakes, the Hudson River, and Lake Champlain.
..... Click the link for more information.
 links the lake with the Hudson River. Several small rivers, including the Maumee, Sandusky, and Cuyahoga, flow into the lake from the south; the Grand River enters from Ontario. Lake Erie is partially icebound in winter and is usually closed to navigation from mid-December to early January until the end of March.

Rich agricultural lands border the Canadian shore, where the chief towns are Port Colborne and Port Stanley. The principal U.S. cities on the lake are Buffalo, Erie, Cleveland, and Toledo; all are ports with heavy industry. Numerous recreation facilities are provided at national, provincial, and state parks located on the lake's islands and shores.

Untreated industrial and municipal wastes from lakeshore cities—and from Detroit, whose wastes enter the western end of the lake—polluted the waters and rendered surrounding areas foul smelling. A U.S.-Canadian pact (1972) ended the discharge of contaminating materials into the water, and the environmental damage abated. In the 21st cent., however, an increase in phosphorus from agricultural runoff has contributed to large algal blooms in the lake; the algae's decomposition also created significant oxygen-depleted "dead zones" on the lake bottom.

The first European to see the lake was French explorer Louis JollietJolliet or Joliet, Louis
, 1645–1700, French explorer, joint discoverer with Jacques Marquette of the upper Mississippi River, b. Quebec prov., Canada.
..... Click the link for more information.
 in 1669. The British and the French, and later the British and the Americans, fought for its control. The battle of Lake Erie (Sept. 10, 1813), a naval engagement in the War of 1812, led successfully by the U.S. leader Oliver H. PerryPerry, Oliver Hazard,
1785–1819, American naval officer, b. South Kingstown, R.I.; brother of Matthew Calbraith Perry. Appointed a midshipman in 1799, he served in the Tripolitan War, was promoted to lieutenant (1807), and from 1807 to 1809 was engaged in building gunboats.
..... Click the link for more information.
 against the British, was fought at Put-in Bay.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

Lake Erie

Great Lake; once so polluted, referred to as Lake Eerie. [Am. Hist.: NCE, 887]
See: Filth
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
And the summer residents of this Lake Erie community may never realize that a tough job got done so quickly.
There are many boats that cruise along the coast of Lake Erie that you might want to hop into, but there is one in particular that has the riders in stitches.
Lake Erie got a single and double by Aaron Hill and Emmanuel Marrero to lead off the game against Marty Anderson (5-5), and an RBI groundout by Logan Farrar made it 1-0.
"Nobody has taken a hard look at how agricultural conservation practices aimed at protecting Lake Erie could influence the health of streams in the watershed," says Ludsin.
All study data was collected in the Western Basin of Lake Erie during daylight hours using a variety of gears and techniques to reduce bias.
It is thought that 80 percent of the lake sturgeon population was removed from Lake Erie by the late 1900s--a seemingly cruel fate for a gentle fish that has no teeth and primarily preys on aquatic insects, crayfish, snails and leeches.
USS Lake Erie arrives in Sri Lanka on June 11 to assist with humanitarian relief, where Charge d'affaires Robert Hilton and Sri Lanka Navy officials welcomed Captain Darren McPherson and the embarked U.S.
In January 2017, USS Lake Erie (CG 70) underwent a ship's store branding event provided by Navy Exchange Service Command (NEXCOM).
Toxic Microcystis blooms have become a regular summertime event on Lake Erie; this 2011 bloom was particularly bad.
All of these underwater technologies were brought together by entrepreneurs, treasure-hunters, and daring divers in the 1850s to salvage three infamous shipwrecks on Lake Erie, each of which had involved the loss of hundreds of lives, as well as the worldly goods of the passengers.
The shallow nearshore zone of southern Lake Erie also appears to hold unionids (Crail et al, 2011).
ONTARIO Last June, Ontario, Ohio and Michigan entered into a new agreement to reduce the amount of phosphorous entering Lake Erie's western basin.

Full browser ?