Lake Maracaibo

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Maracaibo, Lake,

largest lake of South America, c.5,100 sq mi (13,210 sq km), NW Venezuela, extending c.110 mi (180 km) inland. A strait, 34 mi (55 km) long, connects it with the Gulf of Venezuela. Discovered in 1499 by the Spanish explorer Alonso de Ojeda, the lake lies in the extremely hot, humid lowlands of the Maracaibo basin, a region that, almost enclosed by mountains, is semiarid in the north but has an average annual rainfall of 50 in. (127 cm) in the south. The basin is one of the major oil-producing areas of the world, and was developed beginning in 1918. Although petroleum production is the most significant economic activity locally, sugarcane, cacao, and livestock are raised. In addition, fish are caught in the lake, despite pollution from agricultural runoff and oil spills. Lake Maracaibo, with the Catatumbo River, its chief tributary, is a major artery of communication for products of the adjacent region and those of the Colombian-Venezuelan highlands. A dredged channel gives oceangoing vessels access to the lake. Cabimas and the port of Maracaibo are the principal cities on the lake. Gen. Rafael Urdaneta Bridge (c.5 mi/8 km long; completed 1962), spanning the lake's outlet, is one of the longest bridges in the world.
References in periodicals archive ?
PDVSA personnel deployed the National and Bilateral Contingency Plan in order to detect and control any possible damage caused by the hydrocarbon spill in the Catatumbo basin; a binational river that flows into Lake Maracaibo in the western part of the country.
Catch dynamics, growth, and reproduction of striped mojarra Eugerres plumieri in Lake Maracaibo, Venezuela.
This analysis reveals that Earth's principal lightning hotspot occurs over Lake Maracaibo in Venezuela, while the highest flash rate density hotspot previously found at the lower 0.
Venezuela's state oil company PDVSA said it had taken operational control of six barges in Lake Maracaibo after a contract expired with Houston-based oilfield services company Schlumberger and added it would guarantee employment for the 358 workers involved.
Oilfield union officials in the Lake Maracaibo region leaked news to Platts that all is not well in the drilling sector there, with sources saying major international operator Schlumberger halted the majority of its operations.
But what he finds in a rough and tumble oil camp on the banks of Lake Maracaibo is the adventure of a lifetime.
Lake Maracaibo in Venezuela has more lightning strikes than anywhere else in the world.
Lake Maracaibo in Venezuela earned the top spot receiving an average rate of about 233 flashes per square kilometer per year, according to the study.
CRP is located in the Paraguana Peninsula in Falcon state (Amuay & Cardon) and the western coast of Lake Maracaibo in Zulia state (Bajo Grande).
It was said in 2009 that, once all the projects had been combined, one company was to comprise all the JVs which handled wells located in the lake Maracaibo.
Between them lie two major bodies of water, Lake Maracaibo and the Gulf of Venezuela.
Lake Maracaibo in northeast Venezuela experiences the most lightning in the world.