Lake Maracaibo


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Maracaibo, Lake,

largest lake of South America, c.5,100 sq mi (13,210 sq km), NW Venezuela, extending c.110 mi (180 km) inland. A strait, 34 mi (55 km) long, connects it with the Gulf of Venezuela. Discovered in 1499 by the Spanish explorer Alonso de Ojeda, the lake lies in the extremely hot, humid lowlands of the Maracaibo basin, a region that, almost enclosed by mountains, is semiarid in the north but has an average annual rainfall of 50 in. (127 cm) in the south. The basin is one of the major oil-producing areas of the world, and was developed beginning in 1918. Although petroleum production is the most significant economic activity locally, sugarcane, cacao, and livestock are raised. In addition, fish are caught in the lake, despite pollution from agricultural runoff and oil spills. Lake Maracaibo, with the Catatumbo River, its chief tributary, is a major artery of communication for products of the adjacent region and those of the Colombian-Venezuelan highlands. A dredged channel gives oceangoing vessels access to the lake. Cabimas and the port of Maracaibo are the principal cities on the lake. Gen. Rafael Urdaneta Bridge (c.5 mi/8 km long; completed 1962), spanning the lake's outlet, is one of the longest bridges in the world.
References in periodicals archive ?
CRP is located in the Paraguana Peninsula in Falcon state (Amuay & Cardon) and the western coast of Lake Maracaibo in Zulia state (Bajo Grande).
It was said in 2009 that, once all the projects had been combined, one company was to comprise all the JVs which handled wells located in the lake Maracaibo.
Between them lie two major bodies of water, Lake Maracaibo and the Gulf of Venezuela.
Continuing to the deals, HH will supply turnkey facilities to PDVSA in Lake Maracaibo area of Venezuela, comprising progressive cavity pump (PCP) improve venture, electric submersible pump (ESP) develop venture and pipe-laying venture.
Pursuant to the agreements, HH will provide turnkey services to PDVSA in Lake Maracaibo area of Venezuela, including progressive cavity pump ("PCP") upgrade project, electric submersible pump ("ESP") upgrade project and pipe-laying project.
In the early twentieth century, subsidiaries of Standard Oil and Royal Dutch Shell moved into the Lake Maracaibo area, located in the westernmost section of the country, with dire consequences for the environment.
PDVSA now controls several transport companies in oil-rich Lake Maracaibo, a water reinjection facility in the same area and two gas compression projects in eastern Venezuela that boost output of the country's most valuable crude.
Examples include sickle cell disease, which is common in Cuba, and Huntington's disease, which has unusually high incidence in the Lake Maracaibo region of Venezuela (see sidebar p.
Lake Maracaibo in northwestern Venezuela, home to one of the country's main ports, has been under an environmental alert for several months now, thanks to a 20-million-ton bed of an aquatic weed that covers more than a quarter of the lake.
That's because this city sits beside a huge pool of hydrocarbons, which flows out through Lake Maracaibo to the world's petroleum markets.
of the United States and Veba Oel AG of Germany, seeking oil in the La Ceiba block on the coast of Lake Maracaibo, northwestern Venezuela.
As part of his "vast strategic plan" to develop the central region of the country, Chavez also announced plans to build a new city south of Lake Maracaibo, Venezuela's western oil hub, where the government hopes to resettle the poor from the hillside slums in Caracas.