Lake Ontario


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Ontario, Lake,

7,540 sq mi (19,529 sq km), 193 mi (311 km) long and 53 mi (85 km) at its greatest width, between SE Ont., Canada, and NW N.Y.; smallest and lowest of the Great LakesGreat Lakes,
group of five freshwater lakes, central North America, creating a natural border between the United States and Canada and forming the largest body of freshwater in the world, with a combined surface area of c.95,000 sq mi (246,050 sq km).
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. It has a surface elevation of 246 ft (75 m) above sea level and a maximum depth of 778 ft (237 m).

Lake Ontario is fed chiefly by the waters of Lake Erie by way of the Niagara River; other tributaries are the Genesee, Oswego, and Black rivers in New York and the Trent River in Ontario. The lake is drained to the northeast by the St. Lawrence River. Oceangoing vessels reach the lake through the St. Lawrence Seaway and use the Welland Canal to bypass Niagara Falls and reach Lake Erie; smaller craft (mostly pleasure boats) can travel the Rideau Canal between Kingston and Ottawa, and the Trent Canal between the Bay of Quinte and Georgian Bay. Navigation on the lake is not usually impeded by ice in winter.

The chief Canadian lakeshore cities are St. Catharines, Hamilton, Toronto, Oshawa, and Kingston; on the south shore are Rochester and Oswego, N.Y. Commercial fishing is important, but pollution has been a problem. A U.S.-Canadian pact (1972) established that water quality would be improved and further pollution ended. Recreational facilities are provided at state and provincial parks. The first European to see (1615) Lake Ontario was Étienne BruléBrulé, Étienne
, c.1592–1632, French explorer in North America. He arrived (1608) in the New World with Samuel de Champlain, who sent him (1610) into the wilderness to learn about Native Americans and the land. He lived with the Huron and accompanied (c.
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, the French explorer; later that year Samuel de ChamplainChamplain, Samuel de
, 1567–1635, French explorer, the chief founder of New France.

After serving in France under Henry of Navarre (King Henry IV) in the religious wars, Champlain was given command of a Spanish fleet sailing to the West Indies, Mexico, and the
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 visited it.

References in periodicals archive ?
"Having seen the destruction firsthand during visits to impacted communities, I know how devastating Lake Ontario flooding has been for local residents," said Lieutenant Governor Kathy Hochul.
"With this approval in place, we are closer to leveraging the community-building, job-creating potential of Rochester's waterfront properties along Lake Ontario, the Genesee River and the Erie Canal and moving forward on the exciting projects described in our ROC the Riverway program."
JONES, "The influence of a lake-to-lake connection from Lake Huron on the lake-effect snowfall in the vicinity of Lake Ontario," in the July Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology.
The American-built, Canadian-owned sloop was discovered at the bottom of Lake Ontario via side scan sonar and the ship's identity was confirmed through a remotely operated underwater vehicle.
The Niagara Board of Control, however, solely concerns itself with Niagara River issues, therefore the Open House was focused on the river and the four Great Lakes that feed it, and did not draw the hundreds of irate citizens who routinely turn out for IJC meetings when the topic is Cuomo's controversial plan to raise Lake Ontario levels.
Far from the shores of Lake Ontario, Henry Steinhauer brought civilization to the wilds of he West.
attacked York, the fleet that transported the soldiers engaged shore batteries in support of these troops, and six weeks later the appearance of the British Lake Ontario squadron encouraged the battered American forces to retreat in the wake of the Battle of Stoney Creek.
His remains were found on the shores of Lake Ontario, in New York state, in the late 1990s.
Toronto's six waterways--the Etobicoke, Mimico, Humber, and Don rivers, Highland Creek, and the Rouge River--drain into Lake Ontario along 157 kilometres of constantly changing shoreline.
About 60 people are visible in the photograph, most of them sitting on benches or standing along the shoreline, looking out over Lake Ontario. Several children are playing on a raft anchored metres off the shore at the place known as Richardson Beach.
Dream Ahead won on his debut at Nottingham for trainer David Simcock by nine lengths and looks a surefire frontrunner in the market, with the main opposition stemming from Satin Love and Lake Ontario. That performance stamped Dream Ahead as extra smart and the most exciting two-year-old his upwardly mobile trainer has handled.
Lake Ontario has some key differences compared to her equally-sized sister lake, Ontario Lacus: The Great Lake has water; Ontario Lacus has methane, ethane, and propane.

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