Lake Victoria


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Victoria, Lake,

or

Victoria Nyanza

(nēăn`zə, nī–), largest lake of Africa and the world's second largest freshwater lake, c.26,830 sq mi (69,490 sq km), E central Africa, on the Uganda-Tanzania-Kenya border. Lake Victoria (c.255 mi/410 km long and c.155 mi/250 km wide) occupies a shallow depression (c.250 ft/75 m deep) on the Equatorial Plateau (alt. 3,725 ft/1,135 m) between two arms of the Great Rift ValleyGreat Rift Valley,
geological fault system of SW Asia and E Africa. It extends c.3,000 mi (4,830 km) from N Syria to central Mozambique. The northernmost extension runs S through Syria and Lebanon, the Jordan valley, the Dead Sea, and the Gulf of Aqaba.
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. It has an irregular shoreline and many small islands. Numerous streams, including the Kagera River, feed Lake Victoria, which is one of the chief headwater reservoirs of the Nile; the Victoria Nile drains the lake to the north. At the Nalubaale (Owen Falls) and Kiira dams on the Victoria Nile the lake's waters are used to generate hydroelectricity. The lake basin is densely populated and intensely cultivated, and the lake is an important fishery, but fish stocks and diversity have declined since the 1980s as a result of overfishing and the introduction of the Nile perch. Control of the Migingo IslandsMigingo Islands,
small, rocky islands in Lake Victoria, E Africa, off Kenya north of the Tanzanian border. The group consists of Migingo, Ugingo, and Pyramid Island. According to a boundary set by the British colonial powers in 1926, the islands are in Kenya, but the waters
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 and the surrounding fishing grounds has been a contentious issue between Uganda and Kenya in recent years. The lake has also suffered uncontrolled water hyacinth proliferation and in some areas increasing water pollution. Ships regularly call at lakeside towns, including Entebbe, Mwanza, Bukoba, and Kisumu. The first European to see Lake Victoria (originally called Ukerewe) was John SpekeSpeke, John Hanning
, 1827–64, English explorer in Africa. He joined Sir Richard Burton in his expeditions to Somaliland (1854) and to E central Africa (1857–59).
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, the British explorer, in 1858; Henry StanleyStanley, Sir Henry Morton,
1841–1904, Anglo-American journalist, explorer, and empire builder, b. Denbigh, Wales. He grew up in poverty and came to America as a worker on a ship, which he jumped (1858) in New Orleans.
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 explored the region in 1875.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Lake Victoria is Africa's largest lake, passing through Tanzania, Kenya, and Uganda.
In 1966, more than 800 people lost their lives on Lake Victoria when the MV Bukoba sank off the mainland town of Mwanza, according to the Red Cross.
In 1996, more than 800 people were killed when the passenger and cargo ferry MV Bukoba sank on Lake Victoria.
In 1996, a ferry disaster on Lake Victoria in the same region killed at least 500 people.
A regional official in Tanzania says 44 people are confirmed dead after a ferry sank on Lake Victoria.
This study was conducted in the Nyanza Gulf of Lake Victoria, Kenya (56[degrees]17'43.008"N 30[degrees]58'57.32"E; 0[degrees]08'40.7"S, 34[degrees]44' 12.4"E).
Applications of Calculus to Biology and Medicine: Case Studies From Lake Victoria
M2 EQUITYBITES-August 11, 2016-Kibo, Lake Victoria Gold Agree to Consolidate Imweru, Imwelo Gold Projects
LAKE VICTORIA: When an English explorer stumbled upon Lake Victoria in the middle of the 19th century, the lake's 38,000 mile-long shoreline was pristine - broken by small, shallow bays, inlets and wetlands.
However the prevalence in some regions mainly in Lake Victoria Basin remain high at 38 percent, raising fear that this could derail efforts to eliminate the disease in the set period.
Vancouver, Canada, Feb 7, 2014 - (ABN Newswire) - Lake Victoria Mining Company, Inc.,(OTCMTKS:LVCA) has commenced forward gold sales through "Buy Gold Direct", its web based offering of gold bullion bars.