Also found in: Acronyms, Wikipedia.


volcano, 2,684 ft (818 m) high, S Iceland, at SW edge of the VatnajökullVatnajökull
, glacier, c.3,150 sq mi (8,160 sq km), SE Iceland; largest glacier in Europe. At an elevation of from 4,200 to 6,100 ft (1,280–1,860 m), it covers a huge volcanic plateau, which includes the Grímsvötn caldera, Iceland's third largest and
..... Click the link for more information.
 glacier. Its eruption in 1783 was one of the more devastating on record, leading to the deaths of a quarter of Iceland's inhabitants (mainly due to a famine that resulted from the eruption's effects). Haze from the eruption spread over parts of Europe, where some experts believe it affected the inhabitants' health. Surrounding the crater are the Lakagígar series of c.100 volcanic rifts.


See A. Witze and J. Kanipe, Island on Fire (2015).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a volcanic chain in southern Iceland, near the southwestern edge of the Vatnajökull glacier. Maximum elevation, 818 m.

The Laki chain consists of 115 craters extending 25 km along a tectonic fissure. There was a major eruption in 1783–84, during which some 12.2 cu km of lava were expelled. A lava field of 565 sq km was formed. Approximately 0.3 cu km of volcanic ash was spread over 6,000 sq km. The eruption caused the death of 10,521 people, as well as 10,000 cattle, 27,000 horses, and about 180,000 sheep.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Breathing problems caused by the sulfurous haze that wafted from Laki to Europe may have contributed to the early deaths of tens of thousands.
Jones[9] (Hunting Survey Corporation HSC) prepared reconnaissance report and Geological Map on 1 inch to 4 miles scale and first time recognized this shale and limestone unit in between Laki and Kirthar as distinct unit and proposed the name Tiyon Formation after Tiyon Nai (Lat.
aasta Laki vulkaanipurset Islandil on oma moju poolest elusloodusele, sh ka inimesele, peetud uheks holotseeni koige vagivaldsemaks looduse joudemonstratsiooniks.
Facebook users can join the 'Laki Ya Ghaliya' campaign by liking Fam's Facebook Fan Page ( and sharing 'Laki Ya Ghaliya' weekly messages with family and friends to spread awareness.
The event was organised by Coventry University students Lucy Nolan and Gabriella Laki, who have been on a work placement at the Chace Hostel for the homeless in Willenhall.
Visit Laki Mera Crater (Mogwai Remix) MOGWAI get their hands on one of the stand-out tracks on fellow Glaswegian Laki Mera's latest album, The Proximity Effect.
Richard Okot, RCN Justice and Democratie's head of mission (L), Paulion Wanawila, the deputy justice minister (centre) and Christopher Laki, the director for training and research in the justice ministry (R), awarding certificate of completion to workshop attendee, October 19, 2011 (ST)
LAKI MERA THE PROXIMITY EFFECT THIS quartet Laki Mera have been compared to the likes of Cocteau Twins and Portishead among others and this debut album certainly suggests that, although their sound is eclectic enough to embrace electronica with more traditional instrumentation.
The Proximity Effect, the new, second album by their group Laki Mera shows how elegantly their personal relationship has informed their creativity.
The two men are 43 and 48, from the towns of Parvomaiy and Laki.