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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Kazikumukhs), one of the indigenous peoples of Dagestan. Most Laks live in the mountainous part of Dagestan ASSR (mainly Lakskii and Kulinskii raions); others live on the plain of Northern Dagestan (Novolakskoe Raion). There are 72,200 Laks in Dagestan ASSR, and a total of 86,000 in the USSR (1970 census). Their language is Lak; many Laks also know Russian. Lak believers are Sunni Moslems.

In their material and intellectual culture the Laks are similar to the other peoples of Dagestan. The main occupation in the mountains is livestock raising (primarily pasture sheep herding); Laks living on the plain are farmers. Various handicrafts, such as pottery and jewelry-making, are well developed. During the years of Soviet rule, literature, art, and science have flourished, and a national intelligentsia has taken shape.


Narody Kavkaza, vol. 1. Moscow, 1960.
Narody Dagestana. Moscow, 1957.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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This same color scheme has proven very popular in Asia, added Laks.