Lakshmi Bai

Lakshmi Bai

or

Laxmibai,

c.1828–58, maharani of Jhansi. Born into a Brahmin family of Benares (now Varanasi) and named Manakarnika, she had an unconventional childhood, receiving an education and martial training. After marrying Gangadar Rao, the maharaja of Jhansi, a princely state in N British India, she took the name Lakshmi Bai. Upon her husband's death in 1853 she became regent for their adopted son. The British refused to acknowledge him as the legitimate heir, and the British East India Company annexed Jhansi. Her appeals of the decision were unsuccesful. In the Indian MutinyIndian Mutiny,
1857–58, revolt that began with Indian soldiers in the Bengal army of the British East India Company but developed into a widespread uprising against British rule in India. It is also known as the Sepoy Rebellion, sepoys being the native soldiers.
..... Click the link for more information.
, she raised an army to defend Jhansi, ultimately fighting tenaciously against the British and dying in battle at Gwalior.

Bibliography

See R. Jerosch, Rani of Jhansi (2007).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Lakshmi Bai

 

Born 1835; died June 17, 1858. Princess (rani) of the Jhansi principality; participant in the Indian Popular Uprising of 1857–59; national heroine of India.

In 1854 the Jhansi principality was annexed by British colonialists. In June 1857, when the sepoys there revolted, routed the English, and moved on Delhi, Lakshmi Bai assumed control of the principality; at the same time she announced to the colonial authorities that she considered herself in their service and would return control of the principality. However, the authorities accused Lakshmi Bai of murdering Englishmen. This forced her to defect to the rebel camp. Lakshmi Bai courageously headed the defense of Jhansi against the British army of General Rose, and then, at the head of a cavalry detachment, she heroically fought in the forces of Tantia Topi and fell fighting near Gwalior.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bhahmavatar Ghat, Bhairav Ghat and Rani Lakshmi Bai Ghat are among the 13 ghats which have got a new appearance.
Lakshmi Bai, who is 72 years old, ekes out a living by typing documents on a typewriter in front of the District Collectorate in Madhya Pradesh's Sehore, reported NDTV .
Kangana Ranaut plays the title role and brings to life the efforts and the war of Lakshmi Bai against British rule during the Indian Rebellion of 1957.
Malini's recollections include how the Hollywood great, Richard Attenborough, decided to cast her as Rani Lakshmi Bai of Jhansi over Shabana Azmi after having seen Malini in Razia Sultan.
They have always brought glory to the nation,"he said referring to Gargi, Maitreyee, Meerabai, Ahilyabai Holkar and Rani Lakshmi Bai. The Prime Minister said respect for women in the country, their status in society and their contribution has"proved to be awe-inspiring to the entire world since ancient times".
Do you know about Katherine Johnson, Emmeline Pankhurst, Alice Dunbar-Nelson, and Rani Lakshmi Bai? Find these sheros in this issue's Calendar and Last Word pages.
by PTI Students celebrate their success at Rani Lakshmi Bai School in Lucknow after the announcement of CBSE class 12th results on May 28, 2017.
Memoona, a student of Kendriya Vidyalaya in Narsinghpur had observed that the Maharani Lakshmi Bai School had only one toilet and she had seen students standing in a queue outside the toilet.
He fought the legal case for Rani Lakshmi Bai of Jhansi, against annexing her estate under the Doctrine of Lapse policy.
Roy is particularly astute in her analysis of the role of the Rant of Jhansi, Lakshmi Bai. The Rant has become a mythical figure in Indian history, a South Asian Joan of Arc, leading her troops into battle against the British.