Lallemantia


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Lallemantia

 

a genus of annual herbaceous plants of the family Labiatae. There are five species, growing in Asia Minor, India, and Pakistan. Only one species— Lallemantia iberica —is grown primarily for its oil. A branching plant, it has an erect four-sided stem measuring 20-90 cm tall. The elongated leaves are opposite. The bisexual flowers have a white, pink, or lilac corolla and are gathered in pseudowhorls, which have four toothed oval bracts at their bases. The fruit is a split nutlet, with small seeds. One thousand seeds weigh 4-6 g. They contain 35-38 percent quick-drying oil, which is used in foods and in the dye and varnish industry. The oil cakes are used as fodder. The Lallemantia, which have been grown for a long time in Asia Minor and Armenia, are at present cultivated primarily in Iran. Until 1957 they were cultivated in small plantings in the USSR in Krasnodar Krai, Rostov Oblast, Armenia, and the Crimea. Since that time they have been cultivated in even smaller plantings. The average harvest is 8-10 quintals per hectare.

REFERENCES

Zhdanov, L. A. Liallemantsiia. Rostov-on-Don, 1941.
Sharapov, N. I. Novye maslichnye rasteniia SSSR. Moscow-Leningrad, 1952.

D. P. UMEN

References in periodicals archive ?
Alyssum spp, Portulaca oleracea, Sesamum indicum, Origanum majorana, Trigonella foenum, Anethum graveolens, Melilotus officinalis, Trachyspermum ammi, Cuminum cyminum, Lactuca sativa and Lallemantia royleana [23, 24].
A similar suggestion has been made for the later appearance of the oil plant Lallemantia, which was apparently introduced into Europe in the third millennium BC, possibly along the same trade routes as tin-bronzes (Valamoti & Jones 2010).
Bronze and oil: a possible link between the introduction of tin and Lallemantia to northern Greece.
27]), Lallemantia iberica [28], Ocimum basilicum [4], Matricaria recutita [10], Plantago sp L.
A Comparison of Important Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Six Lallemantia iberica (Bieb.
25], Lallemantia iberica [26] and Ocimum basilicum [2].
The seeds of medicinal plants were Plantago sp, Alyssum spp, Portulaca oleracea, Sesamum indicum, Origanum majorana, Trigonella foenum, Anethum graveolens, Melilotus officinalis, Trachyspermum ammi, Cuminum cyminum, Lactuca sativa and Lallemantia royleana that collected from medical fields.
5% and 12% of the seeds germinated for Plantago, Lallemantia royleana and Anethum graveolens respectively in the presence of 75mM/lit NaCl during the second week.
These plants had the best speed germination (figure1, table 2), in the other hand Lallemantia royleana, Plantago sp L.
The plants of Alyssum, Purslane and Fenugreek were very tolerant to salinity but the plants of Lallemantia royleana, Plantago sp and Anethum graveolens were very sensitive.