Lan Xang

(redirected from Lan Sang)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Lan Xang

 

(abbreviation for Lan Xang Hom Khao), a feudal Laotian state that lasted from 1353 to 1707 and occupied roughly the territory of present-day Laos and eastern Thailand. In 1545, Lan Xang annexed the principality of Xieng Mai in northwestern Thailand and defeated Siam. From the mid-16th century it led an anti-Burmese coalition of Tai and Laotian states, and between 1570 and 1581 it successfully repulsed several Burmese invasions. Between 1622 and 1637 Lan Xang was embroiled in dynastic struggles and internecine wars, which ended under the ruler Souligna Vongsa (1637–94). He settled the territorial disputes with most of Lan Xang’s neighbors, restored domestic peace, instituted reforms in the official hierarchy, expanded foreign trade relations, and established trade contacts with Holland. Soon after Souligna Vongsa’s death Lan Xang was partitioned into two principalities, Luang Prabang and Vientiane (1707).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
One of the most rewarding but longest cycling days will be to the beautiful waterfalls and granite-peaks of Lan Sang National Park.
Another type of gunpowder technology--rockets--also spread overland from Ming China to Sipsong Panna, Lan Na and Lan Sang, as well as Burma, India and Dai Viet.
(In 1436, even before he took the throne, the Ming court received a report that in the previous year Lan Sang had been fighting against Lan Na.) Keng Tung became a vassal state of Lan Na around this time, as in 1443/4 its ruler received investiture from Chiang Mai.
In the fall of 1479, Dai Viet, with a force claimed by Vietnamese sources to number 180,000, launched invasions into Muong Phuan (which they called Bon Man) and Lan Sang. They went on to invade Nan (then under Lan Na's control) and then threaten Sipsong Panna.
132-3 (Lan Sang); the Phuan are mentioned in Phan Huy Chu, Lich trieu hien chuong loai chi (Lichao xianzhang leizhi) [Categorised collection of official documents of the consecutive dynasties] (Saigon: Phil Quoc vukhanh Dac trach Van hoa 1972), vol.