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Lancashire(lăng`kəshĭr, –shər), county (1991 pop. 1,365,100), 1,878 sq mi (4,864 sq km), N England, on the Irish Sea. The historical county town is LancasterLancaster
, city (1991 pop. 43,902) and district, county seat of Lancashire, NW England, on the Lune River. The city's products include furniture, textiles, synthetic fiber, farm machinery, linoleum, and soap. It also has an active livestock market.
..... Click the link for more information. , but the county's administrative offices are now in PrestonPreston,
city and district (1991 pop. 166,675), county seat of Lancashire, N England, on the Ribble River. Preston has an active port and is a center of cotton and rayon manufacturing.
..... Click the link for more information. . Administratively, the county is divided into the districts of West Lancashire, Chorley, South Ribble, Fylde, Preston, Wyre, Lancaster, Ribble Valley, Pendle, Burnley, Hyndburn, and Rossendale. ManchesterManchester
, city and metropolitan borough (1991 pop. 397,400), NW England, a port on the Irwell, Medlock, Irk, and Tib rivers. Manchester remains the center of the most densely populated area of England, despite the tremendous amount of outmigration between 1961 and 1981.
..... Click the link for more information. and LiverpoolLiverpool,
city and metropolitan borough (1991 pop. 448,300), NW England, on the Mersey River near its mouth. It is one of Britain's largest cities. A large center for food processing (especially flour and sugar), Liverpool has a variety of industries, including the manufacture
..... Click the link for more information. , now administratively separate, were formerly the county's main cities.
Much of the county is lowland (the Lancashire plain) with occasional moors. The principal rivers are the Lune, the Wyre, and the Ribble. The coastline is low and broken by estuaries. Vegetables and dairy products are economically important, and market gardening is a major source of income near the Ribble estuary. Lancaster and Preston are industrial hubs. Lancashire in Anglo-Saxon times was part of the kingdom of NorthumbriaNorthumbria, kingdom of
, one of the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms in England. It was originally composed of two independent kingdoms divided by the Tees River, Bernicia (including modern E Scotland, Berwick, Roxburgh, E Northumberland, and Durham) and Deira (including the North and East
..... Click the link for more information. . In 1351 it was made a county palatine, and in 1399 the palatine rights were vested in the king. Lancashire's economic growth began in medieval times with the introduction of the woolen industry. The process was accelerated by the Industrial Revolution, and the population increased rapidly in the 19th and early 20th cent. In 1974, Lancashire was reorganized as a nonmetropolitan county.
a former (until 1975) county in Great Britain, in England. Situated chiefly on a plain between the coast of the Irish Sea and the foothills of the Pennines, in the basin of the Mersey, Ribble, and Wyre rivers. Area, 4,800 sq km. Population, 5.1 million (1971). Administrative center, Preston.
There are two conurbations in the south—Greater Manchester (centering on Manchester) and Merseyside (centering on Liverpool). This part of the former county is Great Britain’s oldest industrial region, which became famous in the 18th and 19th centuries for its cotton manufacture. The industrial structure of Lancashire has changed considerably. Textile production is still important, but the coal, metallurgy, machine-building, chemical, and food-processing industries have also developed. The machine-tool, automobile, electrical-engineering, and electronics industries are particularly important, as are new chemical enterprises producing chemical and synthetic fibers. The new counties of Lancashire, Greater Manchester, and Merseyside have been formed from the former county of Lancashire. [14–427–7; updated]