Land Restoration

Land Restoration


(Russian, rekul’tivatsiia landshafta), restoring the productivity of land that has become unusable as a result of human activity, such as mining, building hydroengineering complexes, clearing forests, or building cities. For example, the area of agricultural and other useful land in Great Britain has decreased by 60,000 hectares (ha) since the 12th century because of mining. In the German Democratic Republic roughly 50,000 ha are covered by waste dumps made during brown coal mining.

The USSR also has land that has been ruined by economic activity. In underground mining areas, subsidence sometimes occurs, and dump heaps occupy large areas. As a result of open-cut mining, large tracts are lost to quarries and waste dumps. Destroyed land may also be found at the site of peat excavations, slag heaps, and eroded areas. Restoration usually involves grading positive relief forms, evening out slopes and seeding them with grass, and covering the area with a layer of fertile soil and mineral fertilizers. Later, the land is allocated for agricultural use, reforestation, or the planting of meadows. Land restoration is much easier if the storage of soils, even dumping of rock, and other measures aimed at creating an improved landscape are planned in advance and included in the mining process.

Excavated peat bogs, quarries, and subsidence areas formed by underground mining operations are often filled with water and turned into fish ponds. Near cities, restored land is sometimes used to create parks and water sports complexes.


Motorina, L. V., and N. M. Zabelina. Rekul’tivatsiia zemel’, narushen-nykh gornodo by vaiushchei promyshlennosl’iu. Moscow, 1968.
Lazareva, I. V. Vosstanovlenie narushennykh territorii dlia grado-stroitel’stva. Moscow, 1972.
Kravchino, O. P., and A. A. Mazurov. Rekul’tivatsiia zemel’, narushennykh otkrytymigornymi rabotami [survey]. Moscow, 1973.


References in periodicals archive ?
The inhabitants of Adi-Keih and Emni-Haili subzones, Southern region, are engaged in popular activities targeting enrichment of water resources and land restoration.
Under terms of the agreement, Peabody would construct, manage and operate the mine, which would be one of the largest surface mines in China, using best practices in safety, training, productivity, resource recovery, environmental standards and land restoration.
Aquarry site near Mold has become a part of an innovative project set to make a breakthrough in sustainable land restoration where no topsoil is available.
Land Restoration Trust chief executive Euan Hall said: "The most important thing about the restoration is that this time we will be able to ensure that the park can be managed for the benefit of the local community not just now but for many future generations.
Euan Hall, chief executive of the Land Restoration Trust, added: "The former Garden Festival site has been a blot on Liverpool's landscape for 25 years - finally a solution is in sight that will help make this the community asset it always should have been.
Banks and the Blagdon Estate are funding the cost of the project, and the finished sculpture and park will be managed by the Land Restoration Trust.
Opencast and augering - drilling seams to extract coal - would be followed by land restoration.
As land restoration and maintenance grow ever more vital a wealth of new and innovative approaches are being proposed to protect and maintain America's forests.
The Horning family is actively involved in conservation and land restoration, as well as various real estate investments primarily located in California and Hawaii.
North Antelope Rochelle has a history of excellence in stewardship, which includes recent honors for protection of raptors from the Wyoming Department of Environmental Quality and recognition for a quarter-century of successful land restoration and wildlife protection from the Wyoming Game and Fish Department.
Euan Hall, chief executive of the Land Restoration Trust said the former Garden Festival site "has been a blot on Liverpool's landscape for 25 years.
He has held directorships including Priority Sites Limited, English Cities Fund, The Land Restoration Trust, Network Space and Blueprint.
Full browser ?